NCERT Class 9 Social Science Exemplar Chapter-3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Questions and Answers Part 2

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Question 3: What are the peculiarities of Nazi thinking?

Answer: After the defeat in the First World War Germany had to sign a harsh and humiliating treaty with the Allies. The treaty multiplied the problems an already defeated Germany many times and also a political uncertainty in the country. As a result, Hitler rose to the power. He set up the Nazi party and succeeded in capturing the power and establishing the dictatorship of the Nazi party in Germany. The dictatorial rule of the Nazi party under the leadership of Hitler is termed as Nazism. Nazi ideology was synonymous with Hitler’s worldview. The chief features of Nazi thinking were as under:

  • The state is above all. All powers should be vested in the State. People exist for the State, not the State for the people.

  • It was in favour of ending all types of parliamentary institutions and glorified the rule of a great leader.

  • It was in favour of crushing all types of party formations and opposition.

  • It was in favour of rooting out liberalism, socialism and communism.

  • It preached hatred for the Jews whom they thought, were responsible for the economic misery of the Germans.

  • The Nazi party considered Germany superior to all other nations and wanted to have her influence all over the world.

  • It wanted to mobilize the private and State efforts for her development of agriculture and industries etc.

  • It wanted to denounce the disgracing Treaty of Versailles.

  • It extolled war and glorified the use of force.

  • It aimed at increasing the German Empire and acquiring all the colonies snatched away from her.

  • It dreamt of creating a Racial State of ‘Pure Germans’ or ‘Nordic Aryans’ by eliminating all others who were undesirable to them.

Question 4: Explain why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating a hatred for the Jews.

Answer: Soon after assuming power in Germany in 1933 Hitler launched a vicious propaganda against the Jews which proved quite successful in creating hatred for the Jews. Some of the reasons for the success of the propaganda against the Jews were the following:

  • Hitler had already created a niche for himself in the minds of German people who began to consider him as their Messiah. They used to believe Hitler just by his words. Thus, the personality cult created by Hitler did all the wonder and the Nazi propaganda against the Jews proved successful.

  • The traditional Christian hatred for the Jews, because they were accused to have killed Christ, was fully exploited by the Nazis in order to make the Germans pre-judicial against Jews.

  • The Nazis used the language and media effectively with great care. The racial theory put forward by the Nazis that the Jews belonged to a lower race and as such were undesirable.

  • The Nazis injected hatred against the Jews even in the minds of the children from the very beginning during the days of their schooling. The teachers who were Jews were dismissed and Jews children were thrown out of the schools. Such methods and new ideological training to the new generation of children went a long way in making the Nazi’s propaganda quite effective in creating hatred for the Jews.

  • Propaganda films were made to create hatred for the Jews. Orthodox Jews were stereotyped and marked. For example, one such film was ‘The Eternal Jew’.

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