Biology Class 12 NCERT Solutions: Chapter 8 Human Health and Part 6 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Q. 15 Do you think that friends can influence one to take alcohol/drugs? If yes, how may one protect himself/herself from such an influence?


  • Yes, friends can influence one to take drugs and alcohol. A person can take the following steps for protecting himself/herself against drug abuse:
  • Increase your will power to stay away from alcohol and drugs. One should not experiment with alcohol for curiosity and fun.
  • Avoid the company of friends who take drugs.
  • Seek help from parents and peers.
  • Take proper knowledge and counselling about drug abuse. Devote your energy in other extra-curricular activities.
  • Seek immediate professional and medical help from psychologists and psychiatrists if symptoms of depression and frustration become apparent.

Q. 16 Why is that once a person starts taking alcohol or drugs, it is difficult to get rid of this habit? Discuss it with your teacher.


  • Drug and alcohol consumption has an inherent addictive nature associated with euphoria and a temporary feeling of well-being.
  • Repeated intake of drugs increases the tolerance level of the body՚s receptors, leading to more consumption of drugs.
Core Addictive Process

Q. 17 In your view what motivates youngsters to take to alcohol or drugs and how can this be avoided?


  • Many factors are responsible for motivating youngsters towards alcohol or drugs. Curiosity, need for adventure and excitement, experimentation are the initial causes of motivation.
  • Some youngsters start consuming drugs and alcohol in order to overcome negative emotions (such as stress, pressure, depression, frustration) and to excel in various fields.
  • Several mediums like television, internet, newspaper, movies etc. are also responsible for promoting the idea of alcohol to the younger generation.
  • Amongst these actors, reasons such as unstable and unsupportive family structures and peer pressure can also lead an individual to be dependent on drugs and alcohol.
  • Preventive measures against addiction of alcohol and drugs:
  • Parents should motivate and try to increase the will power of their child.
  • Parents should educate their children about the ill-effects of alcohol.
  • They should provide them with proper knowledge and counselling regarding the consequences of addiction to alcohol.
  • It is the responsibility of the parent to discourage a child from experimenting with alcohol. Youngsters should be kept away from the company of friends who consume drugs.
  • Children should be encouraged to devote their energy in other extra-curricular and recreational activities.
  • Proper professional and medical help should be provided to a child if sudden symptoms of depression and frustration are observed.

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