Chemistry Class 11 NCERT Solutions: Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques Part 1

Q: 1. What are hybridisation states of each carbon atom in the following compounds? Equation

Answer:

(i) Equation

Equation

Equation

(ii) Equation

Equation

Equation

Equation

(iii)

Equation

Equation

(iv) Equation

Equation

Equation

Equation

(v) Equation

All the 6 carbon atoms in benzene are Equation hybridised

Q: 2. Indicate the Equation and Equation bonds in the following molecules:

Equation

Answer

(i) Equation

There are six C-C sigma Equation bonds, six C-H sigma Equation bonds, and three Equation pi Equation resonating bonds in the given compound

(ii) Equation

There are six C- C sigma Equation bonds and twelve C- H sigma Equation bonds in the given compound.

(iii) Equation

There two C-H sigma Equation bonds and two C-Cl sigma Equation bonds in the given compound

(vi) Equation

There are two Equation sigma Equation bonds, four C-H sigma Equation bonds, and two C=C pi Equation bonds in the given compound

(v) Equation

There are three C- H sigma Equation bonds, one C-N sigma Equation bond, one N-O sigma Equation bond, and one N=O pi Equation bond in the given compound.

(vi) Equation

There are two C-N sigma Equation bonds, four C-H sigma Equation bonds, one N-H sigma bond, and one C=O pi Equation bond in the given compound.

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