Chemistry Class 12 NCERT Solutions: Chapter 14 Biomolecules Part 6 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Q: 23. The two strands in DNA are not identical but are complementary. Explain.

Answer:

In the helical structure of DNA, the two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between specific pairs of bases. Cytosine forms hydrogen bond with guanine, while adenine forms hydrogen bond with thymine. As a result, the two strands are complementary to each other.

Q: 24. Write the important structural and functional differences between DNA and RNA.

Answer:

The structural differences between DNA and RNA are as follows:

Q_24_1_Table of Structural Difference of DNA and RNA
DNARNA
1.The sugar moiety in DNA molecules

is β-D-2 deoxyribose.

1.The sugar moiety in RNA

molecules is β-D-ribose.

2.DNA contains uracil (U) . It does not

contain thymine (T) .

2.RNA contains thymine (T) . It does not contain uracil (U) .
3.The helical structure of DNA is

Double - stranded.

3.The helical structure of RNA is

Single - stranded.

The functional differences between DNA and RNA are as follows:

Q_24_2_Table of Functional Difference of DNA and RNA
DNARNA
1.DNA is the chemical basis of heredity.1.RNA is not responsible for heredity.
2.Proteins are synthesised by RNA molecules in the cells.2.DNA molecules do not synthesise proteins, but transfer coded message for the synthesis of proteins in the cells.

Q: 25. What are the different types of RNA found in the cell?

Answer:

(i) Messenger RNA (m-RNA)

(ii) Ribosomal RNA (r-RNA)

(iii) Transfer RNA (t-RNA)

Q_25_Types of RNA Found in the Cell

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