solution of benzoic acid in methanol means,
of solution contains mol of benzoic acid
Therefore, mL of solution contains of benzoic acid
of benzoic acid
Molar mass of benzoic acid
Hence, required benzoic acid
Q: 31. The depression in freezing point of water observed for the same amount of acetic acid, trichloroacetic acid and trifluoroacetic acid increases in the order given above. Explain briefly.
Among H, , and F, H is least electronegative while F is most electronegative. Then, F can withdraw electrons towards itself more than and H. Thus, trifluoroacetic acid can easily lose ions i.e., trifluoroacetic acid ionizes to the largest extent. Now, the more ions produced, the greater is the depression of the freezing point. Hence, the depression in the freezing point increases in the order:
Acetic acid < trichloroacetic < trifluoroacetic acid
Q: 32. Calculate the depression in the freezing point of water when 10 g of is added to of water. , .
Molar mass of
∴ No. of moles present in 10 g of
It is given that 10 g of is added to of water.
∴ Molality of the solution,
Let α be the degree of dissociation of
undergoes dissociation according to the following equation:
Since αis very small with respect to
Total moles of equilibrium
Hence, the depression in the freezing point of water is given as: