NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 1 – Development Part 2

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Question 9:

Why is the issue of sustainability important for development?

Answer:

The issue of sustainability is important for development because development must be in tandem with the future. If natural resources are not sustained then development will stagnate after a point of time. Exploiting resources unethically will ultimately undo the development that a country may have achieved. This is because in the future, those resources will not be available for further progress.

Question 10:

“The Earth has enough resources to meet the need of all but not enough to satisfy the greed of even one person”. How is this statement relevant to the discussion of development? Discuss.

Answer:

“The Earth has enough resources to meet the needs of all but not enough to satisfy the greed of even one person”. This statement is relevant to the discussion of development since both resources and development go hand in hand. For the sustainability of development, the maintenance of resources is also crucial. As the statement claims, the Earth has enough resources-renewable and non-renewable to satisfy everyone’s needs; however, these need to be used with a view to keep the environment protected and clean so that a balance of production and use is maintained, and shortages we avoided.

Question 11:

List a few examples of environmental degradation that you may have observed around you

Answer:

Few examples of environmental degradation:

  • Deforestation

  • Soil erosion

  • Falling levels of ground water

  • Depletion of the ozone layer and combustion from automobiles causing extreme air pollution

  • Water Pollution

Question 12:

For each of the items given in Table 1.6, find out which country is at the top and which is at the bottom.

For Each of the Items Given in Table Find Out Which Country is at the Top and Which is at the Bottom.
For each of the items given in Table find out which country is at the top and which is at the bottom.

TABLE 1.6 SOME DATA REGARDING INDIA AND ITDNEIGHBOURS FOR 2004

Country

Per Capita Income in US$

Life Expectancy at birth

Literacy Rate for 15+ yrs. population

Gross Enrolment Ratio for three levels

HDI Rank in the world

Sri Lanka

4390

74

91

69

93

India

3139

64

61

60

126

Myanmar

1027

61

90

48

130

Pakistan

2225

63

50

35

134

Nepal

1490

62

50

53

138

Bangladesh

1870

63

41

61

137

Answer:

  1. Per Capita Income in US$: Top country - Sri Lanka; Bottom country - Myanmar

  2. Life Expectancy at birth: Top country - Sri Lanka; Bottom country - Myanmar

  3. Literacy Rate for 15+ years population: Top country - Sri Lank; Bottom country - Bangladesh

  4. Gross Enrolment Ratio for three levels: Top country - Sri Lanka; Bottom country - Pakistan

  5. HDI Rank in the world: Top country - Sri Lanka; Bottom country - Nepal

Question 13:

The following table shows the proportion of Undernourished adults in India. It is based on a survey of various states for the year 2001. Look at the table and answer the following questions.

The Following Table Shows the Proportion of Undernourished Adults in India
The following table shows the proportion of Undernourished adults in India

State

Male (%)

Female (%)

Kerala

22

19

Karnataka

36

38

Madhya Pradesh

43

42

All Sates

37

46

Compare the nutritional level of people in Kerala and Madhya Pradesh.

Can you guess why around 40 per cent of people in the country are undernourished even though it is argued that there is enough food in the country? Describe in your own words

Answer:

The nutritional level of people of Kerala is quite higher than the people - both males and females of Madhya Pradesh. Their ratio of the undernourished is less than that of Madhya Pradesh

There is enough food in the country, even then 40% of the people in the country are undernourished because:

  • A large number of people are so poor that they cannot afford nutritious food.

  • In most of the states, the Public Distribution System (POS) does not function properly and the poor people cannot get cheap food items.

  • There is lack of educational and health facilities in many parts of me country. So many people remain backward and poor. As such, they are unable to get nutritious food.