NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 2-Sectors of the Indian Economy Part 1

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Exercises

Question 1:

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:

  1. Employment in the service sector __________ increased to the same extent as production. (has / has not)

  2. Worker in the __________ sector do not produce goods. (tertiary / agricultural)

  3. Most of the workers in the __________ sector enjoy job security. (organised / unorganised)

  4. A __________ proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector. (large / small)

  5. Cotton is a __________ product and cloth is a __________ product. (natural / manufactured)

  6. The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are __________. (Independent / interdependent)

Answer:

  1. Employment in the service sector has not increased to the same extent as production.

  2. Worker in the tertiary sector do not produce goods.

  3. Most of the workers in the organised sector enjoy job security.

  4. A large proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector.

  5. Cotton is a natural product and cloth is a manufactured product.

  6. The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are interdependent.

Question 2:

Choose the most appropriate answer.

  1. The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the basis of:

    1. Employment conditions

    2. The nature of economic activity

    3. Ownership of enterprises

    4. Number of workers employed in the enterprises

      Answer:

      C. Ownership of enterprises

  2. Production of a commodity, mostly through the natural process is an activity in ________sector.

    1. Primary

    2. Secondary

    3. Tertiary

    4. Information technology

      Answer:

      A. Primary

  3. GOP is the total value of __________ produced during a particular year.

    1. All goods and services

    2. All final goods and services

    3. All intermediate goods and services

    4. All intermediate and final goods and services

      Answer:

      A. All final goods and services

  4. In terms of GDP the share of tertiary sector in 2003 is __________.

  5. Between 20 percent to 30 percent

  6. Between 30 percent to 40 percent

  7. Between 5O percent to 60 percent

  8. 70 per cent

    Answer:

    C. Between 5O percent to 60 percent

Question 3:

Match the following:

Match the Following (Q)
Match the following (Q)

Problems faced by fanning sector

Some possible measures

Unirrigated land.

Setting up agro-based mills.

Low prices for crops.

Cooperative marketing societies.

Debt burden.

Procurement of food grains by government.

No job in the off season.

Construction of canals by the government.

Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest.

Banks to provide credit with low interest.

Answer:

Match the Following (A)
Match the following (A)

Problems faced by fanning sector

Some possible measures

Unirrigated land

D. Construction of canals by the government.

Low prices for crops

C. Procurement of food grains by government.

Debt burden

E. Banks to provide credit with low interest.

No job in the off season

A. Setting up agro-based mills.

Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest

B. Cooperative marketing societies.