NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 2-Sectors of the Indian Economy Part 2

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Question 4:

Find the odd one out and say why.

Tourist guide, dhobi, tailor, potter.

Answer:

Tourist guide

He is appointed by the government, while dhobi, tailor and potter belong to the private sector.

Teacher, doctor, vegetable vendor, lawyer.

Answer:

Vegetable vendor

His is the only profession that does not require a formal education.

Postman, cobbler, soldier, police constable.

Answer:

Cobbler

The rest are workers en the public sector, while his profession is part of the private sector.

MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India, SAHARA Airlines, All India Radio.

Answer:

SAHARA Airlines

It is a private enterprise, while the rest are government undertakings.

Question 5:

A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the following.

A Research Scholar Looked at the Working People in the City of Surat and Found the Following (Q)
A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the following (Q)

Piece of work

Nature of employment

Percentage of working people

In offices and factories registered with the government

Organised

15

Own shops, office, clinics in market places with formal license

-

15

People working on the street, construction workers, domestic workers

-

20

Working in small workshops usually not registered with the government

-

-

Complete the table. What is the percentage of workers in the unorganised sector in this city?

Answer:

A Research Scholar Looked at the Working People in the City of Surat and Found the Following (A)
A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the following (A)

Piece of work

Nature of employment

Percentage of working people

In offices and factories registered with the government

Organised

15

Own shops, office, clinics in market places with formal license

Organised

15

People working on the street, construction workers, domestic workers

Unorganised

20

Working in small workshops usually not registered with the government

Unorganised

50

The percentage of workers in the unorganised sector in this city is 70%

Question 6:

Do you think the classification of economic activities into Primary, secondary and tertiary is useful? Explain how.

Answer:

The classification of economic activities into primary, tertiary and secondary is useful on account of the information, it provides on how and where the people of a country are employed. Also this helps in ascertaining as to which sector of economic activity contributes more or less to the country’s GDP and per capita income.

If the tertiary sector developing much faster than the primary sector, then it implies that agriculture is depleting, and the government must take measures to rectify this. The knowledge that the agricultural profession is becoming unpopular or regressive can only come if we know which sector it belongs to. Hence, it is necessary to classify economic activities into these sectors for smooth economic administration and development.

Question 7:

For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why should one focus on employment and GDP? Could there be other issues which should be examined? Discuss.

Answer:

For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter, one should focus on employment and GDP because these determine the size of a country’s economy. A focus on employment and GDP helps determine two important things per capita income and productivity. Hence, in each of the three sectors, employment rate and status as well as its contribution to the GDP help us understand how that particular sector is functioning and what needs to be done to initiate further growth in it.

Yes, the other issues which should be examined are -

  • Balanced regional development

  • Equality in income and wealth among the people of the country

  • How to eradicate poverty

  • Modernization of technology

  • Self-reliance of the country

  • How to achieve surplus food production in the country.