NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 2-Sectors of the Indian Economy Part 3

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Question 9:

How is the tertiary sector different from other sectors? Illustrate with a few examples.

Answer:

The tertiary sector different from other two sectors. This is because other two sectors produce goods but, this sector does not produce goods by itself. But the activities under this sector help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors. These activities are an aid or support for the production process. For example, transport, communication, storage, banking, insurance, trade activities etc. For this reason this sector is also known as service sector.

Question 10:

What do you understand by disguised unemployment? Explain with an example each from the urban and rural areas.

Answer:

Disguised Unemployment is a kind of unemployment in which there are people who are visibly employed but are actually unemployed. This situation is also known as Hidden Unemployment. In such a situation more people are engaged in a work than required. For example:

  • In rural seas, this type of unemployment is generally found in agricultural sector like - In a family of 9 people all are engaged in the same agricultural plot. But if 4 people are withdrawn from it there will be no reduction in output. So, these 4 people are actually disguisedly employed.

  • In urban areas, this type of unemployment can be seen mostly in service sectors such as in a family all members are engaged in one petty shop or a small business which can be managed by less number of persons.

Question 11:

Distinguish between open unemployment and disguised unemployment.

Answer:

Open and Disguised Unemployment
Open and disguised unemployment

Open Unemployment

Disguised unemployment

When a country’s labour force do not get opportunities for adequate employment, this situation is called open unemployment.

This is a kind of unemployment in which there are people who are visibly employed but actually they don’t have full employment. In such a situation more people are engaged in a work than required.

This type of unemployment is generally found in the industrial sector of our country. This is also found among the landless agricultural labourers in rural areas.

This type of unemployment is generally found in unorganized sector where either work is not constantly available or too many people are employed for the same work that does not require so many hands.

Question 12:

“Tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy”. Do you agree? Give reasons in support of your answer.

Answer:

No, I do not agree with the statement that tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy. The tertiary sector has contributed vastly to the Indian economy, especially in the last two decades. In the Last decade, the field of information technology has grown, and consequently, the GOP share of the tertiary sector has grown from around 40% in 1973 to more than 50% in 2003.

Question 13:

Service sector in India employs two different kinds of people. Who are these?

Answer:

The service sector in India employs the following two different kinds of people. They are:

  • The people involved in the services that may directly help in the production of goods. For example, people involved in the transportation, storage, communication, finance etc.

  • The people involved in such services that may not directly help in the production of goods e.g. teachers, doctors, barbers, cobblers lawyers etc. They may be termed as ancillary workers means those who give services to the primary service providers.