NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 2-Sectors of the Indian Economy Part 4

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NCERT Class 10 Economics Chapter 2: Sectors of Indian Economy

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Question 14:

Workers are exploited in the unorganised sector. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.

Answer:

Yes, workers are exploited in the unorganized sector. This would be clear from the following points:

  • There is no fixed number of working hours. The workers normally work 10 - 12 hours without paid overtime.

  • They do not get other allowances apart from the daily wages.

  • Government rules and regulations to protect the labourers are not followed there.

  • There is no job security.

  • Jobs are low paid the workers in this sector are generally illiterate, ignorant and unorganized. So they are not in a position to bargain or secure good wages.

  • Being very poor they are always heavily in debt. So, they can be easily made to accept lower wages.

Question 15:

How are the activities in the economy classified on the bases of employment conditions?

Answer:

On the basis of employment conditions, the activities in the economy are classified into organized and unorganized sectors.

Organized Sector: This sector covers those enterprises which are registered by the government and have to follow its rules and regulations. For example, Reliance Industries Ltd., GAIL etc.

Unorganized Sector: It includes those mull and scattered units which are largely outside the control of the government. Though there are rules and regulations but these are never followed here. For example, casual workers in construction, shops etc. In this sector there is no job security and the conditions of employment are also very tough.

Question 16:

Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organised and unorganised sectors.

Answer:

The employment conditions prevailing in the organised and unorganised sectors are vastly different. The organised sector has companies registered with the government and hence. it offers Job security, paid holidays, pensions, health and other benefits, fixed working house and extra pay for overtime work. On the other hand, the unorganised sector is a host of opposites. There is no job security, no paid holidays or pensions on retirement, no benefits of provident fund or health insurance, unfixed working hours and no guarantee of safe work environment.

Question 17:

Explain the objective of implementing the NREGA 2005.

Answer:

The objective of implementing the NREGA 2005 are:

  • To increase the income and employment of people.

  • Every state/region can develop tourism, regional craft. IT etc. for additional employment.

  • The central government made a law implementing the right to work in 200 districts.

  • NREGA aims to provide employment of 100 days. If it fails to do so, it will give unemployment allowances to the people.

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