NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 2-Sectors of the Indian Economy Part 6 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 10 Economics Chapter 2: Sectors of Indian Economy

Question 23:

A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15,00, 000 workers in the city, 11,00, 000 worked in the unorganised sector. The total income of the city in this year (1997 - 1998) was ₹ 60,000 million, Out of this ₹ 32.000 million was generated in the organised sector. Present this data as a table. What kind of ways should be thought of for generating more employment in the city?

Answer:

Present this Data as a Table
Organised SectorUnorganised SectorTotal
No. of workers4,00, 00011,00, 00015,00, 000
Income (₹)32,000 million28,000 million60,000 million

It is clear that whale a larger portion of workers is working in the unorganized sector, the per capita earning of those in the organized sector is more. The government should encourage the entrepreneurs in the unorganized sector to change them into the organized sector. Moreover, government should introduce some incentives so that more industries could be opened up in the organized sector.

Question 24:

The following table gives the GDP in Rupees (Crores) by the three sectors:

The Following Table Gives the GOP in Rupees
YearPrimarySecondaryTertiary
195080,00019,00039,000
20003,14, 0002,80, 0005,55, 000
  1. Calculate the share of the three sectors in GDP for 1950 and 2000.
  2. Show the data as a bar diagram similar to Graph 2 in the chapter.
  3. What conclusions can we draw from the bar graph?

Answer:

  1. In 1950,

Primary sector , Secondary sector , Tertiary sector

In 2000.

Primary sector , Secondary sector , Tertiary sector

  1. Diagram
Images Showing for Share of Sectors in GDP
  1. We can draw the conclusion that the share of the tertiary sector in the GDP has almost doubled, while that of the primary sector has almost halved. The secondary sector has grown by about 10 % in the last five years.

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