NCERT Class 10 Social Science Economics Solutions: Chapter 2-Sectors of the Indian Economy Part 6

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Question 23:

A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15, 00,000 workers in the city, 11, 00,000 worked in the unorganised sector. The total income of the city in this year (1997-1998) was Rs 60,000 million, Out of this Rs 32.000 million was generated in the organised sector. Present this data as a table. What kind of ways should be thought of for generating more employment in the city?

Answer:

Present this Data as a Table.
Present this data as a table.

Organised Sector

Unorganised Sector

Total

No. of workers

4,00,000

11,00,000

15,00,000

Income (RS)

32,000 million

28,000 million

60,000 million

It is clear that whale a larger portion of workers is working in the unorganized sector, the per capita earning of those in the organized sector is more. The government should encourage the entrepreneurs in the unorganized sector to change them into the organized sector. Moreover, government should introduce some incentives so that more industries could be opened up in the organized sector.

Question 24:

The following table gives the GDP in Rupees (Crores) by the three sectors:

The Following Table Gives the GOP in Rupees
The following table gives the GOP in Rupees

Year

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

1950

80,000

19,000

39,000

2000

3,14,000

2,80,000

5,55,000

  1. Calculate the share of the three sectors in GDP for 1950 and 2000.

  2. Show the data as a bar diagram similar to Graph 2 in the chapter.

  3. What conclusions can we draw from the bar graph?

Answer:

  1. In 1950,

    Primary sector , Secondary sector , Tertiary sector

    In 2000.

    Primary sector , Secondary sector , Tertiary sector

  2. Diagram

    Images showing for Share of sectors in GDP

    Share of Sectors in GDP

    Images showing for Share of sectors in GDP

  3. We can draw the conclusion that the share of the tertiary sector in the GDP has almost doubled, while that of the primary sector has almost halved. The secondary sector has grown by about 10% in the last five years.