NCERT Class 9 Economics Solutions: Chapter 1 – The Story of Village Palampur Part 2

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Question 3:

How did the spread of electricity help farmers in Palampur?

Answer:

The spread of electricity has helped the farmers of Palampur village in the following ways:

  • Most of the houses have electric connections.

  • Electricity is used to run tube wells in the fields.

  • Electricity is used in various types of small business,

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Electricity Help Farmers

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Question 4:

Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?

Answer:

India is an agricultural country. Nearly two-thirds of the people are dependent on farming for their livelihood. But of the total cultivated area in the country, a little less than 40 percent is irrigated even today. In the remaining areas, farming is largely dependent on rainfall which is irregular and uncertain. Modern farming methods cannot be used in the absence of assured adequate water supplies, India cannot achieve the goal of sell-sufficiency in food grains unless the area under irrigation is increased.

Question 5:

Construct a table on the distribution of land among the 450 families of Palampur.

Answer:

Distribution of Land
Distribution of land

Number of families

Land (hectare)

150

0

240

Less than 2

60

More than 2

Question 6:

Why are the wages for farm labourers in Palampur less than minimum wages?

Answer:

Farm workers at Palampur village get lower wages than the minimum wages fixed by the government. The minimum wages for a farm laborer is fixed at Rs 115 per day. But farm labourers get only Rs. 70 - 80. This happens because of heavy competition for work among the farm labourers at Palampur village.

Question 8:

What are the different ways of increasing production on the same piece of land? Use examples to explain.

Answer:

The different ways of increasing production on the same piece of land are:

  • Multiple Cropping: It is the most common way of increasing production on a given piece of land. Under it, more than one crop is grown on the same piece of land during the year. Indian farmers should grow at least two main crops in a year. In India, some farmers are growing a third crop also over the past 20 years

  • Modern Farming Methods: Production on the same piece of land can also be increased by adopting modem farming methods; The Green Revolution in India is a remarkable example of it. Under modern farming, more cultivable areas should be brought under HYV seeds and irrigation. The use of simple wooden plough must be replaced by tractors. The Increasing uses of farm machinery like tractors, threshers, harvesters, etc. make cultivation faster.