NCERT Class 9 Economics Solutions: Chapter 1 – The Story of Village Palampur Part 3

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Question 9:

Describe the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.

Answer:

A farmer with 1 hectare of land shall put under the category of small farmer. Most of the work would be done by the farmer and his family members. The farmer will normally use a pair of bullocks to plough the field. His family members would assist him in sowing the seeds. During harvest time, he may require to hire some labourers.

Image result for the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.

Farmer with 1 Hectare of Land.

Image result for the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.

Question 10:

How do the medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from the small farmers?

Answer:

Medium and large farmers usually have surplus cash by selling their farm produce. Since they have land and house, they easily get loan from banks. Small farmers, on the other hand, may not be able to get bank loans. They have to depend on the local merchant and moneylender for loan.

Question 11:

On what terms did Savita get a loan from Tejpal Singh? Would Savita’s condition be different if she could get a loan from the bank at a low rate of interest?

Answer:

Savita required money for buying seeds, fertilizers and pesticides, and water for irrigation. She also needed money for repairing her farm instruments. So, she decided to borrow money from Tejpal Singh, a large farmer in her village. Tejpal Singh agreed to give the loan of Rs. 3000 at an interest rate of 24 percent for four months. He also got her to agree to work on his field during the harvest season for Rs. 35 a day.

Savita’s condition would have been better if she could get a loan from the bank. The bank would have provided her the ban at a low rate of interest. Moreover, Savita could have devoted more time on her own field instead 04 working for Tejpal Singh as farm labourer.

Question 14:

What can be done so that more non-farm production activities can be started in villages?

Answer:

Three things that need to be done to encour.ge non-farm production activities in villages:

  • The government should set up schemes whereby landless labourers and small farmers are able to get cheap loans to start small individual/community businesses.

  • In addition to financial assistance, the government should set up rural workshops to enable the villagers to build on their skill levels.

  • The government should also work towards improving the infrastructure of villages so that the rural parts of the country are well connected to the urban areas.