NCERT Class 9 Economics Solutions: Chapter 4-Food Security in India Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 4: Food Security in India

Question 1:

How is food security ensured in India?


Food security is ensured in a country when the three dimensions of food security are taken care of. The three dimensions are:

Availability of food - Presence of enough food for all the persons.

Accessibility of food - Absence of barrier on access to food.

Affordability of food - Capability of a persons to buy food of acceptable quality.

Images for Food Security

Question 2:

Which are the people more prone to food insecurity?


A large section of people suffer from food and nutrition insecurity in India.

However, the worst affected groups are as follows:

  • Landless and land-poor households, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, petty se employed workers and destitute including beggars (In the rural areas) .
  • People employed in ill-paid occupations and casual labourers engaged in seasonal activities (In the urban areas) .
  • People belonging to the backward sections of society, namely
  • People belonging to economically. Backward states with high incidence of poverty, tribal and remote areas and regions more prone to natural disasters.
  • People affected by natural disasters who have to migrate to other areas in search of work,
  • Large proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers, and children under the age of 5 years.

Question 3:

Which states are more food insecure in India?


The economically-backward states with high incidence of poverty are more food insecure in India. The states of Uttar Pradesh (eastern and south-eastern parts) , Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, parts of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra account for the largest number of food insecure people in the country.

Question 4:

Do you believe that green revolution has made India sell-sufficient in food grains? How?


In the late 1960s, the Green Revolution introduced the Indian farmer to the cultivation of high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of seeds. The HYVs (coupled with chemical fertilisers and pesticides) led to a growth m the productivity of food grains (especially wheat arid lice) , thereby helping India attain self-sufficiency in food grains. Since the advent of the Green Revolution, the country has avoided famine even during adverse weather conditions.

Question 5:

A section of people in India are still without food. Explain?


Despite large increase in food grain production we find people without food in India. Poor people suffer from chronic hunger. They find themselves unable to buy food. Over one-fifth of the country՚s population still suffers from chronic hunger.

Question 6:

What happens to the supply of food when there is a disaster or a calamity?


When there is a disaster or a calamity, the production of food grains decreases in the affected area. This in turn creates a shortage of food in the area. Due to the food shortage, the prices go up. The raised prices of food materials affect the capacity of many people to buy the same. When the calamity occurs in a very wide spread area or is stretched over a long period of time, it may cause a situation of starvation. A massive starvation can take the form of famine

Question 7:

Differentiate between seasonal hunger and chronic hunger?


Seasonal hunger is related to cycles of food growing and harvesting. This is prevalent in rural areas because of the seasonal nature of agricultural activities, and in urban areas because of the casual labour (e. g. there is less work for casual construction labour during the rainy season) . This type of hunger exists when a person is unable to get work for the entire year.

Chronic hunger is a consequence of diets persistently inadequate m terms of quantity and/or quality. Poor people suffer from chronic hunger because of their very low income and in turn, inability to buy food even for survival.

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