NCERT Class 10 English Solutions: Chapter 2 – Long Walk To

Freedom Part 2

Question 4:

Q. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

A. Mandela did not have a hunger for freedom as a boy; he thought that he was born free. As long as he obeyed his father and abided by the customs of his tribe, he was free in every possible manner. Gradually he grew up- realizing that he was selfish, understanding that he and his black brethren were not really free. This realization culminated into a hunger for the freedom of his people.

Nelson Madela thought about collective freedom

Nelson Mandela on Freedom

Nelson Madela thought about collective freedom

Question 5:

Q. How did Mandel use his ‘hunger for freedom’

A. Mandela realized that blacks were not free transforming him into a virtuous and self-sacrificing man. He joined the African National Congress and transformed from a frightened young man to a bold man.

Thinking About Language

Question 1:

There are nouns in the text (formation, government) which are formed from the corresponding verbs (form, govern) by suffixing - (at) ion or ment. There may be change in the spelling of some verb – noun pairs: such as rebel, rebellion; constitute, constitution.

Changing verb to noun by suffixes

Changing Verb to Noun

Changing verb to noun by suffixes

Q. Make a list of such pairs of nouns and verbs in the text.

Table of List of Such Pairs of Nouns And Verbs In The Text
Table of List of Such Pairs of Nouns And Verbs In The Text

Noun

verb

rebellion

rebel

constitution

constitute

Answer:

Table of Answer of List of Such Pairs of Nouns And Verbs In The Text
Table of Answer of List of Such Pairs of Nouns And Verbs In The Text

Noun

verb

Rebellion

Rebel

Constitution

Constitute

Formation

Form

Government

Govern

Obligation

Oblige

Transformation

Transform

Discrimination

Discriminate

Deprivation

Deprive

Demonstration

Demonstrate

Oppression

Oppress

Imagination

Imagine

Q. Read the paragraph below. Fill in the blanks with noun forms of the verbs in brackets.

Martin Luther king’s _______ (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the _______ (assist) of Rosa parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a white passenger. In those days, American Blacks were confined to positions of second-class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean _____ (subjugate) and _______ (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, _______ (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Lither King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent______ (resist) to racial injustice.

Answer:

Martin Luther King’s contribution (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the assistance (assist) of Rosa parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days, American Blacks were confined to positions of second-class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean subjugation (subjugate) and humiliation (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, imprisonment (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Luther King’s protest involved non-violent resistance (resist) to racial injustice.

Question 2:

Here are some more examples of ‘the’ used with proper names. Try to say what these sentences

mean. (You may consult a dictionary if you wish. Look at the entry for ‘the’)

Q. Mr Singh regularly invites the Amitabh Bachchans and the Shah Rukh Khans to his parties.

A. When “the” is used with proper noun, it means “the likes of”. This means that Mr Singh regularly invites famous personalities. It means the likes of Amitabh Bachchan and the Shah Rukh Khan. Here the sentence does not specifically talk about Amitabh Bachchan or Shah Rukh Khan.

Q. Many people think Madhuri Dixit is the Madhubala of our times.

A. When “the” is used with proper noun, it could also mean a milestone for comparison. This is more about the quality that others try to achieve. This sentence compares Madhuri Dixit to a legendary actress Madhubala.

Q. History is not only the story of the Alexanders, the Napoleons and the Hitlers but of ordinary people as well.

A. When “the” is used with proper noun, it means “the likes of”. This means that history is story of common people and not only “the likes of” Alexander, Napoleon and Hitler.

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