NCERT Class 10 English Solutions: Chapter 4 – From The Diary of Anne Frank Part 4

Question 3:

Idioms

Some most important idioms

Most Important Idioms

Some most important idioms

Q. Here are a few sentences from the text which have idiomatic expressions. Can you say what each means? (You might want to consult a dictionary first.)

i. Our entire class is quaking in its boots.

___________________________________________

A. Our entire class is quaking in its boots. Shaking with fear and nervousness

ii. Until then, we keep telling each other not to lose heart.

__________________________________________________________

A. Until then, we keep telling each other not to lose heart. Not to lose hope

iii. Mr keeping was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much.

__________________________________________________________

  1. Mr keeping was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much. Since a long time.

iv Mr Keeping was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculous subject, but I’d make sure the joke was on him.__________________________________.

A. Mr Keeping was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculous subject, but I’d make sure the joke was on him. He was outwitted by her

Annne was a great writer

Anne Writing Her Diary

Annne was a great writer

Q. Here are a few more idiomatic expressions that occur in the text. Try to use them in sentences of your own.

(i) caught my eye

A. The beautiful diamond necklace placed in the shop caught my eye.

(ii) laugh ourselves silly

A. He’d had enough of the bullying that he faced everyday.

(iii) he’d had enough

A. John and I laugh ourselves silly at the new cartoon show.

(iv) can’t bring myself to

A. I can’t bring myself to eat anything but sweets.

Question 4:

You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’. Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

Common idioms with heart

Heart Idioms

Common idioms with heart

Q. break somebody’s heart

A. break somebody’s heart – to upset somebody deeply

It has unfortunately become very easy these days to break somebody’s heart.

Q. close/dear to heart

A. close/dear to heart – something or someone who is near and close to you

The drawing given to me by my little daughter is very close to my heart.

Q. from the (bottom of your) heart

A. from the (bottom of your) heart – genuinely meaning or feeling something

He loved his son from the bottom of his heart.

Q. have a heart

A. have a heart – to evoke the feeling to help someone in distress

The poor beggar asked the rich man to have a heart and give him something to eat.

Q. have a heart of stone

A. have a heart of stone – to not feel anything or any sentiment

The cruel landlady has a heart of stone as she beats up her children.

Q. your heart goes out to somebody

A. your heart goes out to somebody – to sympathise with someone else and understand his feelings and distress

My heart goes out to the little girl who lost both her parents in a car accident

Question 5:

Contracted Forms

Contracted and full forms of words

Contracted and Full Forms

Contracted and full forms of words

Q. Make a list of the contracted forms in the text. Rewrite them as full forms of two words.

A. (i) I’ve – I have

(ii) Doesn’t – does not

(iii)Won’t – would not

(iv) I’m – I am

(v) Don’t – do not

(vi) Can’t – cannot

(vii) It’s – it is

(vii) That’s - that is

(ix) I’d – I would

(x) Didn’t – did not

(xi) Who’ll – who will

(xii) You’re – You are

(xiii) We’ll – We will

(xiv) There’s – there is

(xv) He’d – he had

(xvi) Who’s – who is

(xvii) Haven’t – have not

Q. We have seen that some contracted forms can stand for two different full forms:

I’d = I had or I would

Find in the text the contracted forms that stand for two different full forms, and say what these are.

  1. (i) I’d – I had or I would

(ii) He’d – He had or he would

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