NCERT Class 10 English Solutions: Chapter 7 – Glimpses of India Part 1
Oral Comprehension Check
Q. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about?
A. Historically Goa was a Portuguese colony. Even not one can find glimpses of Portuguese culture. The elders in Goa missed good old Portuguese days, the Portuguese, and their famous loaves of bread.
Q. Is bread-making still popular in Goa? How do you know?
A. According to author, mixers, moulders, and bakers are still in Goa. They still used the old furnaces. Even the sounds associated with baking like the ‘thud’ and ‘jingle’ of the traditional baker’s shampoo can be heard in some places. The profession persisted in families, carried on by generation after generation.
Q. What is the baker called?
A. “Pader” is the name given to a baker in Goa.
Q. When would the baker come everyday? Why did the children run to meet him?
A. The baker came twice every day, in the morning when on his selling round, and later after selling all his bread. The children liked his bread-bangles which were sometimes made from sweet bread of special make.
Match the following. What is a must
(i) as marriage gifts? - cakes and bolinhas
A. as marriage gifts? - sweet bread called bol
(ii) for a party or a feast? - sweet bread called bol
A. for a party or a feast? - bread
(iii) for a daughter’s engagement? - bread
A. for a daughter’s engagement? - sandwiches
(iv) for Christmas? - sandwiches
A. for Christmas? - cakes and bolinhas
Q. What did the bakers wear: (i) in the Portuguese days? (ii) When the author was young?
A. (i) In the Portuguese days, the bakers wore kabai. It was a long frock which reached the knees made from a single-piece of cloth.
(ii) During his childhood days, bakers wore normal shirt and trousers. However the trousers were special, they were midway between full-length trousers and half pants. They reached the knees.
Q. Who invites the comment – “he is dressed like a pader”? Why?
A. Anyone wearing a half-pant reaching just below the knees was said to be dressed like a pader because the bakers were known as pader and they wore such trousers reaching knees.
Q. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded?
A. The monthly accounts of the bakers were recorded on some wall in pencil.
Q. What does a ‘jackfruit-like appearance’ mean?
A. ‘jackfruit-like appearance’ is a round plump fruit. Bakers were said to have such plump physique was because naturally they were well to do with ample supply of food. Baker and his family and servants were happy and prosperous.
Thinking About The Text
Which of these statements are correct?
Q. (i) The pader was an important person in the village in old times.
(ii) Paders still exist in Goan villages.
(iii) The paders went away with the Portuguese.
A. Incorrect. The paders still exist in Goan villages. Some of they still used their old furnaces.
(iv) The Paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock.
A. Incorrect. Since the author was young, paders have been wearing wear shirts and trousers. Trousers have a length between full-length ones and half pants.
(v) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days.
A. Incorrect. Still bread and cakes are an integral part of Goan life.
(vi) Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business.
(vii) Paders and their families starve in the present times.
A. Incorrect. Bakers are well to do running a very profitable business.