NCERT Class 9 English Solutions: Chapter 2-The Sound of Music Part 2

Question 3:

Answer these questions in 30 – 40 words.

Q. Why did Aurangzeb ban the playing of the pungi?

Pungi also called the been, is a wind instrument played by snake charmers

Image of Pungi

Pungi also called the been, is a wind instrument played by snake charmers

A. Emperor Aurangzeb banned pungi in the royal residence because he thought it had a shrill and unpleasant sound. It came to become the generic name for noisemakers.

Ustad Bismilla Khan

Bismilla Khan

Ustad Bismilla Khan

Q. How is a shehnai different from a pungi?

A. Shehnai has a longer and broader pipe with a natural hollow stem. Like pungi, it has seven holes on its body. Again similar to pungi, the closing, and opening of the holes of Shehnai produces soft and melodious sounds.

Other wind instruments

Wind Instruments

Other wind instruments

Q. Where was the shehnai played traditionally? How did Bismillah Khan change this?

A. Traditionally, the shehnai was part of the traditional ensemble of nine instruments found at royal courts. It was used only in temples and weddings. However, Ustad Bismillah Khan brought it onto the classical stage.

Q. When and how did Bismillah Khan get his big break?

A. Bismillah Khan got his big break with the opening of the All India Radio in Lucknow in 1938. He became an often-heard shehnai player on radio.

Q. Where did Bismillah Khan play the shehnai on 15 August 1947? Why was the event historic?

A. On 15 August 1947, Bismillah Khan played the shehnai from the Red Fort. India gained independence on this day. He became the first Indian to greet the nation with his shehnai. His audience included illustrious names such as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi.

Q. Why did Bismillah Khan refuse to start a shehnai school in the U.S.A.?

A. Bismillah Khan loved India and refused to start a shehnai school in the USA as he could not live outside India. His student, asked him to head the Shehnai School in USA, promising to recreate the atmosphere of Benaras even replicating the temples in the city. However, Bismillah Khan asked if the student could also transport River Ganga, which his student obviously could not. Bismillah Khan himself said that whenever he was in a foreign country, he kept yearning to see Hindustan.

Q. Find at least two instances in the text, which tell you that Bismillah Khan loves India and Benaras.

A. Bismillah Khan treasured India, particularly Benaras on the banks of river Ganga and Dumraon. In his initial years, the temple of Balaji, Mangala Maiya, and the banks of River Ganga in Benaras became his favourite haunts where he could practice in peace and solitude. River Ganga’s flowing waters inspired him to improvise and invent ragas that were once thought to be beyond the range of shehnai.

River Ganga

River Ganga

River Ganga

Bismillah khan refused to start a shehnai school in the U.S.A. because he could not live outside India. His student, who had asked him to head the Shehnai School, promised that he would recreate the atmosphere of Benaras by replicating the temples in the city. However, he challenged his student to transport River Ganga, which his student obviously could not.

Question 1:

Complete the following sentences. Beginning with a to-verb (infinitives), try to answer the questions in brackets.

Examples of Infinitives

Infinitives

Examples of Infinitives

Q. The school sports team hopes _______ (What does it hope to do?)

A. The school sports team hopes to win.

Q. We all want _______ (What do we all want to do?)

A. We all want to study.

Q. They advised the hearing-impaired child’s mother _______ (What did they advise her to do?)

A. They advised the hearing-impaired child’s mother to visit a specialist.

Q. The authorities permitted us _______ (What did the authorities permit us to do?)

A. The authorities permitted us to protest peacefully.

Q. A musician decided _______ (What did the musician decide to do?)

A. A musician decided to make world his stage.

Question 2:

From the text on Bismillah Khan, find the words and phrases that match these definitions and write them down. The number of the paragraph where you will find the words/ Phrases has been given for you in brackets.

Q. the home of royal people (1) ________

A. The home of royal people (1) palace

Q. the state of being alone (5) _______

A. The state of being alone (5) solitude

Q. a part that is absolutely necessary (2) _______

A. A part which is absolutely necessary (2) indispensable

Q. to do something not done before (5) _______

A. To do something not done before (5) invent

Q. without much effort (13) _______

A. Without much effort (13) effortlessly

Q. Quickly and in large quantities (9) _______ and _______

A. Quickly and in large quantities (9) thick and fast

Question 3:

Tick the right answer.

Q. When something is revived, it (remains dead/lives again).

A. When something is revived, it lives again.

Q. When a government bans something, it wants it (stopped/started).

A. When a government bans something, it wants it stopped.

Q. When something is considered auspicious, (welcome it/avoid it).

A. When something is considered auspicious, welcome it.

Q. When we take to something, you do it (boring/interesting).

A. When we take to something, we find it interesting.

Q. When you appreciate something, you (find it good and useful/find it of no use).

A. When you appreciate something, you find it good and useful.

Q. When you replicate something, you do it (for the first time/for the second time).

A. When you replicate something, you do it for the second time.

Q. When we come to terms with something, it is (still upsetting/ no longer upsetting).

A. When we come to terms with something, it is no longer upsetting.

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