NCERT Class 9 English Solutions: Chapter 4 A Truly Beautiful Mind Part 1
Here are some headings for paragraphs in the text. Write the number(s) of the paragraph(s) for each
title against the heading. The first one is done for you.
(i) Einstein’s equation
(ii) Einstein meets his future wife ♦
(iii) The making of a violinist ♦
(iv) Mileva and Einstein’s mother ♦
(v) A letter that launched the arms race ♦
(vi) A desk drawer full of ideas ♦
(vii) Marriage and divorce ♦
Who had these opinions about Einstein?
(i) He was boring.
A. Einstein’s playmates thought that he was boring.
(ii) He was stupid and would never succeed in life.
A. Einstein’s headmaster thought that he was stupid and would never succeed at anything in life.
(iii) He was a freak.
A. Einstein’s mother thought that he was a freak.
Explain what the reasons for the following are.
(i) Einstein leaving the school in Munich for good.
A. Albert Einstein was a good student scoring good marks in almost every subject. However, he hated the strong regulation of the school, for which he often clashed with his teachers. At the age of 15, feeling stifled, he left the school in Munich for good.
(ii) Einstein wanting to study in Switzerland rather than in Munich.
A. Einstein though German-speaking Switzerland was liberal than Munich. Hence, he wanted to study in Switzerland.
(iii) Einstein seeing in Mileva as an ally.
A. Einstein thought that Mileva, a fellow student was a very clever person. She came to Switzerland because women could get degrees in the University in Zurich. Einstein found an ally in her against everything he was at odds.
(iv) What do the above tell you about Einstein?
A. All instances tell us that Einstein was a visionary. “Einstein leaving the school in Munich for good”, tell us that he never hesitated to put forth his point of view even though he might find himself at odds with his teachers. Even though he was doing well in school, he left it because he found it stifling.
He was clever and did not hesitate to go against popular opinion. He moved to Zurich in Switzerland because he thought it was more liberal than Munich. Like most intelligent honest people with strong opinions, he mixed with people who shared similar viewpoints. That is why he found and ally in Mileva.
Q. What did Einstein call his desk drawer at the patent office? Why?
A. Einstein was working as a technical expert in the patent office in Bern. He called his desk drawer at the patent office the “bureau of theoretical physics”. He stored all his ideas in the desk drawer.
Q. Why did Einstein write a letter to Franklin Roosevelt?
A. Einstein emigrated to the United States of America after the Nazis came to power in Germany. There were chaos in America especially the theoretical physics community when Germs discovered nuclear fission. They were afraid that the Nazis would now build and use the atomic bomb. At the urging of a colleague, Einstein wrote a letter to Franklin Roosevelt to warn him of the consequences of an atomic explosion.
Q. How did Einstein react to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
A. The Americans in secret developed the Atomic Bomb and dropped it on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The destruction was heart ripping; Einstein was deeply shaken and proposed the formation of a new world government. However, no one heeded his proposal. Next decade saw more political-involvement from Einstein. He motivated people to end the arms race. Until his last breath, he campaigned for peace and democracy.
Q. Why does the world remember Einstein as a “world citizen”?
A. The world remembers Einstein as a “world citizen” because he was a visionary and a scientific genius. He was not only a great scientific explorer, making discoveries centuries ahead of his time, but also was deeply concerned with growing arms race between nations of the world. He used his popularity to campaign for peace and democracy till his last breath.