NCERT Class 9 English Solutions: Chapter 4 A Truly Beautiful Mind Part 2

Question 8:

Different types of paragraphs

Types of Paragrahps

Different types of paragraphs

Here are some facts from Einstein’s life. Arrange them in chronological order.

[ ] Einstein publishes his special theory of relativity.

[ ] He is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

[ ] Einstein writes a letter to U.S President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and warns against Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.

[ ] Einstein attends a high school in Munich.

[ ] Einstein’s family moves to Milan.

[ ] Einstein is born in the German city of UIm.

[ ] Einstein joins a university in Zurich, where he meets Mileva.

[ ] Einstein dies.

[ ] He provides a new interpretation of gravity.

[ ] Tired of the school’s regimentation, Einstein withdraws from school.

[ ] He works in a patent office as a technical expert.

[ ] When Hitler comes to power, Einstein leaves Germany for the United States.

Image of A Truly Beautiful Mind

Image of a Truly Beautiful Mind

Image of A Truly Beautiful Mind

Answer:

Organizing information in paragraphs

Ways to Organize Information

Organizing information in paragraphs

  1. Einstein is born in the German city of UIm.

  2. Einstein attends a high school in Munich.

  3. Einstein’s family moves to Milan.

  4. Tired of the school’s regimentation, Einstein withdraws from school.

  5. Einstein joins a university in Zurich, where he meets Mileva.

  6. He works in a patent office as a technical expert.

  7. Einstein publishes his special theory of relativity.

  8. He provides a new interpretation of gravity.

  9. He is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

  10. When Hitler comes to power, Einstein leaves Germany for the United States.

  11. Einstein writes a letter to U.S President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and warns against Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.

  12. Einstein dies.

Misery from atom bomb

Misery From Atom Bomb

Misery from atom bomb

Question 1:

Here are some sentences from the story. Choose the word from the brackets which can be substituted for the italicized words in the sentences.

Q. A few years later, the marriage faltered. (failed, broke, became weak)

A. Became weak

Q. Einstein was constantly at odds with people at the university. (on bad terms, in disagreement, unhappy)

A. In disagreement

Q. The newspapers proclaimed his work as “a scientific revolution.” (declared, praised, showed)

A. Declared

Q. Einstein got ever more involved in politics, agitating for an end to the arms buildup. (campaigning, fighting, supporting)

A. Fighting

Q. At the age of 15, Einstein felt so stifled that he left the school for good. (permanently, for his benefit, for a short time)

A. Permanently

Q. Five years later, the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin had American physicists in an uproar. (in a state of commotion, full of criticism, in a desperate state)

A. In a state of commotion (confusion)

Q. Science wasn’t the only thing that appealed to the dashing young man with the walrus moustache.

(interested, challenged, worried)

A. Interested

Question 2:

Complete the sentences below by filling in the blanks with suitable participial clauses.

The information that has to be used in the phrases is provided as a sentence in brackets.

Full clauses vs participle clauses

Participle Clauses

Full clauses vs participle clauses

Participle clauses are adverbial clause putting information in fewer words. We can use participle clauses when participle and verbs in the main clause have the same subject. For example, “Waiting for John, I made some tea.”

Q. ______, the firefighters finally put out the fire. (They worked round the clock.)

A. Working round the clock, the firefighters finally put out the fire.

Q. She watched the sunset above the mountain, _______ (She noticed the colours blending softly into one another.)

A. She watched the sunset above the mountain, noticing the colours blending softly into one another.

Q. The excited horse pawed the ground rapidly, _______ (while it neighed continually.)

A. The excited horse pawed the ground rapidly, neighing continually.

Q. _______, I found myself in Bangalore, instead of Benaras. (I had taken the wrong train.)

A. Having taken the wrong train, I found myself in Bangalore, instead of Benaras.

Q. _______, I was desperate to get to the bathroom. (I had not bathed for two days.)

A. Having not bathed for two days, I was desperate to get to the bathroom.

Q. The stone steps, _______ needed to be replaced. (They were worn down.)

A. The stone steps, being worn down, needed to be replaced.

Q. The actor received hundreds of letters from his fans, _______ (They asked him to send them his photograph.)

A. The actor received hundreds of letters from his fans, asking him to send them his photograph.

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