NCERT Class 10 Geography Solutions: Chapter 3 Water Resources (Contemporary India – II) Part 1

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Q - 1. Multiple choice questions:

Question I. Based on the information given below classify each of the situations as ‘suffering from water scarcity’ or ‘not suffering from water scarcity’.

  1. Region with high annual rainfall.

  2. Region having high annual rainfall and large population.

  3. Region having high annual rainfall but water is highly polluted.

  4. Region having low rainfall and low population.

Answer:

  1. Not suffering from water scarcity

  2. Suffering from water scarcity

  3. Suffering from water scarcity

  4. Not suffering from water scarcity

Map of average rainfall and population density

Map of Average Rainfall and Population Density

Map of average rainfall and population density

Explanation:

  • If any region has high annual rainfall such as Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya, there will be no any water Scarcity issue will occur.

  • But region with highest low rain fall and highest population such as Bihar, a huge water Scarcity issues will occur.

  • Place such as Kolkata were both rainfall and population ratio is high they also face water scarcity issue.

  • Region with low rain fall and low population such as some of the districts of Rajasthan and Gujarat have insufficient water resources.

Question II. Which one of the following statements is not an argument in favour of multi-purpose river projects?

  1. Multi-purpose projects bring water to those areas which suffer from water scarcity.

  2. Multi-purpose projects by regulating water flow help to control floods.

  3. Multi-purpose projects lead to large scale displacements and loss of livelihood.

  4. Multi-purpose projects generate electricity for our industries and our homes.

Answer: C

Explanation:

Multi-purpose river projects are developed for the conservation of water which can be used even after rainy season and boost economies, agricultural development and meet water needs in a region.

Advantage:

  • Flood Control

  • Soil Conservation

  • Afforestation

  • Irrigation

  • To generate electricity

  • Boost agriculture etc

So, Multi-purpose river projects cannot be reason for large scale of displacement and loose of livelihood, partially it can be reason for displacement of peoples but any many rare cases.

Some important Multi-purpose river projects in India.

Important Multi-purpose river projects in India

Important Multi-Purpose River Projects in India

Important Multi-purpose river projects in India

For NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 Water Resources refer the video

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