NCERT Class 10 Geography Solutions: Chapter 4 Agriculture (Contemporary India – II) Part 1

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Q - 1. Multiple choice questions:

Question I. Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area?

  1. Shifting Agriculture

  2. Plantation Agriculture

  3. Horticulture

  4. Intensive Agriculture

Answer: B

Explanation:

  • Shifting is method of agriculture in which plots of lands are cultivated temporary then allowed it to revert to their natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

  • Plantation is a method of agriculture where one type of crop is planted, such as cotton, coffee, tea, sugar cane and rubber tree.

    Plantation method, Rubber tree farm

    Plantation Method

    Plantation method, Rubber tree farm

  • Horticulture method include farming of medicinal plants, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds as well as non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants.

    Horticulture farming

    Horticulture Farming

    Horticulture farming

  • Intensive farming highly uses inputs such as capital and labour per unit land area. This method is based on the traditional agriculture in which the inputs per unit land are lower.

    Intensive farming

    Intensive Farming

    Intensive farming

Question II. Which one of the following is a Rabi crop?

  1. Rice

  2. Gram

  3. Millets

  4. Cotton

Answer: B

Explanation:

  • Rabi crops are agricultural crops which were seeded in winter and collected in the spring in the region of South Asia.

  • Examples: Wheat, oat, many verges such as onion, tomato, Gram etc.

    Gram plant is a Rabi crop

    Gram Plant One of the Rabi Crop

    Gram plant is a Rabi crop

Question III. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?

  1. Pulses

  2. Jawar

  3. Millets

  4. Sesamum

Answer: A

Explanation:

Leguminous crop

Leguminous Crop

Leguminous crop

  • Leguminous crops are those which are either used for eating or for seeds to follow crops.

  • For example all the varieties of beans, peas, and groundnuts, tephrosia and mucuna it also includes trees, shrubs and small plants (not more than 10 cm such as groundnut).

For NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture refer the video

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