NCERT Class 9 Geography Solutions: Physical Features of India (Contemporary India-I) Chapter 2– Part 3

Q-2. Answer the following questions briefly:

(iv) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.

The Himalayas have three major divisions from north to south:

  1. The northernmost range is the great Himalayas or Inner Himalayas or the Himadri.

  2. The range south of the Himadri is known as Himachal or the lesser Himalaya.

  3. The outermost range of the Himalayas is recognized as the Shiwaliks. These are the foothill series and represent the southernmost division of the Himalayas.

Three major divisions of the Himalayas 1. Great Himalayas 2. Lesser Himalaya 3. Shiwaliks

Three Major Divisions of the Himalayas

Three major divisions of the Himalayas 1. Great Himalayas 2. Lesser Himalaya 3. Shiwaliks

(v) Which plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges?

Answer: Malwa plateau or Central Highland

  • Malwa plateau is located at west-central India of volcanic origin.

  • The Malwa Plateau normally refers to the volcanic highland north of the Vindhya Range.

  • Malwa plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges

Malwa plateau plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges

Malwa Plateau

Malwa plateau plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges

(vi) Name the island group of India having coral origin.

Answer: Lakshadweep

  • Islands formed from coral detritus and associated organic material are recognized as coral islands.

  • They arise in tropical and sub-tropical areas, usually as part of coral reefs which have grown to cover a far larger area under the sea.

  • In fact, Lakshadweep is exclusively made from coral atolls with 36 islands, of which 10 are inhabited.

  • The islands range from less than 1 km (0.62 mi) to about 9 km (5.6 mi) in length, and do not exceed 2 km (1.2 mi) in width.

Lakshadweep as a coral island

Lakshadweep as a Coral Island

Lakshadweep as a coral island

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