NCERT Class 9 Geography Solutions: Natural Vegetation and Wild Life (Contemporary India-I) Chapter 5– Part 3

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Q-3. Distinguish between

(i) Flora and Fauna

Difference between flora and fauna
Table dipicting difference between flora and fauna



Flora refers to the plant life

Fauna refer to animal life

Flora cannot move so it remains at one place

Fauna can move from one place to other place

Flora prepare their food by themselves

Fauna depends on flora for the food

It is located in botany

It is located in zoology

Flora and Fauna

Flora and Fauna

Flora and Fauna

(ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests

Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forests
Table dipicting difference between evergreen and deciduous forests

Tropical Evergreen Forest

Deciduous Forest

Evergreen forests are generally found in regions with heavy rainfall. Like western Ghats and Lakshadweep and Andaman Nicobar like islands.

Deciduous Forests are generally found in eastern parts of India at foothills of the Himalayas, Jharkhand, West Orissa, Chhattisgarh and eastern slopes of Western. Ghats.

Important trees of the Evergreen Forests are:

  • Ebony

  • Mahogany

  • Rosewood

Important trees of the Deciduous Forest


  • Teak (Most important)

  • Bamboos

  • Sal

  • Shisham

  • Sandalwood

  • Khair

Trees in the Evergreen Forest don’t shed their leaves together, so these forests look green all year round.

All the trees in Deciduous Forest shed their leaves for around 6 to 8 weeks in summer. So these forests appear dry in the month of autumn.

Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forests on the map of India

Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forests on the map of India

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