NCERT Class 9 Geography Solutions: Population (Contemporary India-I) Chapter 6– Part 2

Q-1. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below.

(iii) The magnitude of population growth refers to

(a) The total population of an area

(b) The number of persons added each year

(c) The rate at which the population increases

(d) The number of females per thousand males

Answer: (b)

Explanation:

Population growth is the rate of growth of population it is typlically expressed as percentage of original population. However, the questions is not asking about the growth rate, it asks about the “magnitude of population growth”. Magnitude of population growth is the number of people that have been added since last period (last year, last decade etc.). For example the following graph gives the population of India in various years. To compute manganite of the growth between 2014 and 2012 we would do 12381213. However, the rate of growth in percent is given as 123812131213×100 . Note that even though the rate could be smaller manganite of the growth could be large. The rate of population growth between 2006 and 2014 has gone down, however India is still adding more people to its population, then it was doing a decade ago.

Growth of India's population from 2006 to 2016

Population of India

Growth of India's population from 2006 to 2016

(iv) According to the Census 2001, a “literate” person is one who

(a) Can read and write his/her name

(b) Can read and write any language

(c) Is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding

(d) Knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)

Answer: (a)

The working definition of literacy in the Indian census since 1991 is as follows:

Literacy Rate

The total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding. Here the denominator is the population aged seven years or more.

Crude literacy rate

The total percentage of the people of an area at a particular time who can read and write with understanding, taking the total population of the area (including below seven years of age) as the denominator.

Therefore,

  • Crude literacy rate = number of literate person divided by total population multiplied by 100

  • Effective literacy rate (or literacy rate) = number of literate persons aged 7 or above divided by population aged 7 and above multiplied by 100

2001 Census Data on Literacy

The 2001 Census of India was the 14th censuses of India which is held every decade since 1871.

According to it:

  • Total population of India: 1,028,737,436

  • Males: 532,223,090

  • Females: 496,514,346

  • Compared to last Census held in 1991 total population increased by 182,310,397, 21.5% more than the 846,427,039 people.

Census 2001 LITERACY RATE
Census 2001 LITERACY RATE

Range of Literacy (Percent)

Persons

Males

Females

No.of Villages

No. of UAs/Towns

No. of Villages

No. of UAs/Towns

No. of Villages

No. of UAs/Towns

Nil

3,077

0

3,546

0

9,899

0

Less than 10

8,664

0

4,516

0

28,412

0

10-25

31,494

0

14,410

0

90,198

17

25-50

162,727

122

72,057

33

244,760

475

50-75

294,596

1,740

237,381

624

186,245

2,638

75 or above

93,055

2,516

261,630

3,721

33,029

1,248

Total*

593,613

4,378

593,540

4,378

592,543

4,378

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