NCERT Class 9 Geography Solutions: Population (Contemporary India-I) Chapter 6– Part 3
Q-2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?
Since 1981 the rate of population growth is gradually decreasing because of family planning programme. This program was designed to increase the awareness about the benefits of smaller family size. As people got more and more educated birth rates declined rapidly.
(ii) Discuss the major components of population growth.
Answer: The major component of population growth is:
A higher birth rate along with a lower death rate result in population growth.
If the number of people going outside the country (emigration) is less compared to the number of people coming in country (immigration), there would be a net inflow of people, which would result in population growth through migration.