NCERT Class 9 Geography Solutions: Population (Contemporary India-I) Chapter 6– Part 4

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Q-3. Distinguish between population growth and population change.

Difference between population growth and population change
Table listing the difference btween population growth and population change

Population growth

Population change

Absolute or relative growth or reduction in the population irrespective of composition is known as population growth

Changes in population composition; like age structure, sex ratio, literacy rate, occupational structure etc., is known as population change.

Population growth can be shown in two ways:

  • Absolute Numbers

  • Percentage Change per year

Population change can be shown in the terms of additional or decreasing number of people.

According to census 1991, India’s population growth rate is 2.14% per year where as in census 2001 it reaches to 1.93%.

According to census 1991 population was 84.64 which increased to 102.87 crore in 2001.

Q-4. What is the relation between occupational structure and development?



Occupational Structure in India from 2007 to 2010

Occupational Structure in India From 2007 to 2010

Occupational Structure in India from 2007 to 2010

  • Occupational structure indicates and affects the development of a country.

  • As the country goes from under-developed to developing and then finally developed its population shifts from primary activities like agriculture, mining etc. to secondary activities like manufacturing and finally into services (tertiary activities) like software consultation, banking etc. Still huge portion of the Indian population dependents on the primary sector for employment due to lack of development in India.

  • When we look at the economies of developing and developed nations’ proper development is only achieved when a greater portion of population engages in secondary and tertiary activities.

Q-5. What are the advantages of having a healthy population?


  • A healthy population increases the working population of the country. That is, it increases the ratio of working to dependent population. This means that working population has to support less dependents.

  • To reduce the burden of healthcare non-productive age group also needs to be healthy. If the population is health the country as a whole is spending smaller percent of money on healthcare.

  • Healthy children grow into healthy adults contribute to the economy. Healthy elders mean less strain on the resources.

Health expenditures in India as percentage of GDB

Health Expenditures in India as Percentage of GDB

Health expenditures in India as percentage of GDB

Q-6. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?


Key targets of NPP 2000

NPP 2000 Key Targets

Key targets of NPP 2000

  • NPP 2000 has given importance to the adolescent population.

    • Its main focus area is special nutritional needs of the adolescents.

    • Government is conducting many awareness programs to increase awareness about STDs, unwanted pregnancies, child marriage, risks of unprotected sex and many more.

  • Another main objective of NPP 200 is to achieve a stable population by 2045, at a reliable level along with requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development, and environmental protection.

  • It also aims to pay attention to:

    • Unmet requirements for contraception

    • Health care infrastructure

    • Health personnel

    • Provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care

Objectives of NPP 2000

Objectives of NPP 2000

Objectives of NPP 2000

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