NCERT Class 10 History Solutions: Chapter 4 The Making of a Global World (India and the Contemporary World – II) Part 1

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Question 1. Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century, choosing one example from Asia and one from the Americas.

Answer:

Different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century:

  • Prior to 17th century China was exporter silk to Europe and in return Europe export gold and silver via ‘silk rote’.

    Silk Route

    Silk Route

    Silk Route

  • Gold and foods including potatoes, soya, groundnuts, tomatoes and chillies were exported from the Americas to Europe after Columbus discovered it at the end of the 15th century.

Question 2. Explain how the global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world helped in the colonization of the Americas.

Answer:

  • During the pre-modern world the global transfer of disease helped in the colonization of the Americas because the Native American Indians were not protected to the diseases that the settlers and colonizers brought with them.

  • More or less Europeans were protected to small pox, but the Native Americans were cut off from the rest of the world for millions of years and they had not any defence against it.

  • These seed killed and spoil whole communities which had cleared way for foreign domination.

  • We could destroy or capture Weapons and soldiers but could not fight against diseases.