NCERT Class 10 History Solutions: Chapter 6 Work, Life and Leisure (India and the Contemporary World – II) Part 1

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Question 1. Give two reasons why the population of London expanded from the middle of the eighteenth century.

Answer:

During middle of 18th century population in London was gradually increased because of:

  • London city was attracting the migrant populations because of various job opportunities in dockyards and industries but during that time public transportation was not so popular and advanced so peoples must have to live nearer to their work place so population in London was increased.

    Cars manufacturing factories during 18th century

    Cars Manufacturing Factories During 18th Century

    Cars manufacturing factories during 18th century

  • London was raised as the manufacturing hub for motor cars and electrical goods during First World War so the number of factories was increased so peoples attracted and come to London to searching the job.

Question 2. What were the changes in the kind of work available to women in London between the nineteenth and the twentieth century? Explain the factors which led to this change.

Answer:

  • Men’s who shifted to London city due to their jobs along with their families, so women from this families and local residential also found jobs in factories.

  • But as the time passes new technologies were introduced and revolution in Industries started which led to unemployment because new technologies were strong enough to work faster and easily, due to this situation women lost their jobs in factories and started working as house maids for reach families of London.

    Working women in London between 18th to 19th century

    Working Women in London between 18th to 19th Century

    Working women in London between 18th to 19th century

  • During the First World War, women again got employment opportunities in factories because of Men had joined World War and to meet the war need factories must had to manufacture goods faster which led to employment opportunities for Women.

  • This is how the work opportunities were changed for women in London between 19th and 20th century.