NCERT Class 10 History Solutions: Chapter 7 Print Culture and the Modern World (India and the Contemporary World – II) Part 1

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Question 1. Give reasons for the following:

(a) Woodblock print only came to Europe after 1295.

(b) Martin Luther was in favour of print and spoke out in praise of it.

(c) The Roman Catholic Church began keeping an Index of Prohibited books from the mid- sixteenth century.

(d) Gandhi said the fight for Swaraj is a fight for liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom of association.

(a) Woodblock print only came to Europe after 1295.

Answer:

Example of Woodblock print

Example of Woodblock Print

Example of Woodblock print

Woodblock print was founded in China during the sixth century and Marco Polo gets it to Europe in 1295 while he was returned to Italy after long of exploration in China.

Image of Marco Polo

Image of Marco Polo

Image of Marco Polo

(b) Martin Luther was in favour of print and spoke out in praise of it.

Answer:

  • Martin Luther has spread his ideas via print because print media was the best way of promote his ideas.

  • In 1517, he wrote the Ninety Five Theses in which he criticizing Roman Catholic Church practices and rituals and these writings were spread and read widely.

    Ninety Five Theses of Martin Luther

    Ninety Five Theses of Martin Luther

    Ninety Five Theses of Martin Luther

  • His New Testament translation was also widely accepted and read.

  • Printing technology had played key role in this because it also enables working classes to gain access to books.

(c) The Roman Catholic Church began keeping an Index of Prohibited books from the mid- sixteenth century.

Answer:

During 16th Century people had written many books which describe god and their creation in their own worlds and in their own ways. So Church had banned this kind of books and also kept record of it, this was known as Index of prohibited Books.

(d) Gandhi said the fight for Swaraj is a fight for liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom of association.

Answer:

According to Gandhi said Swaraj is a fight for liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom of association because he believed that these are the powerful modes of expression and cultivation of public opinion.

Liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom is equal to independence

Formula of Independence

Liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom is equal to independence

Liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom are synonyms of self-rule and independence.

So, according to Gandhi the fight for these freedoms essentially led to fight for Swaraj or self-rule.