NCERT Class 10 History Solutions: Chapter 8 Novels, Society and History (India and the Contemporary World – II) Part 1

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Question 1. Give reasons for the following:

(a) Social changes in Britain which led to an increase in women readers.


  • During 18th century middle classes became wealthier so women got more freedom read and write novels, with this world of women was explored.

  • Women’s emotions, identities, experiences and problems were publicized and women’s domestic life became an important subject of novels with these women get freedom to speak about their issues and problems.

(b) What actions of Robinson Crusoe make us see him as a typical colonizer?


  • Robinson Crusoe’s actions that make us see him as a typical coloniser are many. Shipwrecked on an island inhabited by coloured people, Crusoe had not treaded them as equal to him.

  • He is described as “rescuing” a native and then making him a slave.

  • He named him as Friday, without asking for his name.

  • Colonized people were heartless and primitive and they have made colonialism as their self-professed civilizer.

  • Crusoe represents this ideology of colonizers.

Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe

(c) After 1740, the readership of novels began to include poorer people.


After 1740, many circulating libraries were established and along with this books were also available at lower cost and also available on rent so poor person were able to afford to read books, which was previously seems like dream because of higher cost of books.

(d) Novelists in colonial India wrote for a political cause.


  • Novelists had concerned about society so they wrote about political cause because it is the powerful way for expressing social deficiencies and signifying remedies for the same.

  • Most of the people read novels so it was the best way to promote anti-colonial ideas and it had helped to convey national unity idea among the people.