NCERT Class VI History Solutions: Chapter 11 – New Empires And Kingdoms Part 1

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 123K)

Watch video lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 11: New Empires and Kingdoms NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 11: New Empires and Kingdoms
Loading Video

Let’s recall

Question 1:

State whether true or false:

  1. Harishena composed a prashasti in praise of Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni.

  2. The rulers of Aryavarta brought tribute for Samudragupta.

  3. There were twelve rulers in Dakshinapatha.

  4. Taxila and Madurai were important centres under the control of the Gupta rulers.

  5. Aihole was the capital of the Pallavas.

  6. Local assemblies functioned for several centuries in south India.

Answer:

  1. Harshen composed a prashasti in praise of Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni. False

  2. The rulers of Aryavarta brought tribute for Samudragupta. False

  3. There were twelve rulers in Dakshinapatha. True

  4. Taxila and Madurai were important centres under the control of the Gupta rulers. False

  5. Aihole was the capital of the Pallavas. False

  6. Local assemblies functioned for several centuries in south India. True

Question 2:

Mention three authors who wrote about Harshavardhana.

Answer:

There authors who wrote about Harshavardhana were

  • Banbhatta – who wrote harshacharitra

  • Xuan Zang – the Chinese traveler who left a detailed account of what he saw in the count.

  • Ravikirti

Question 3:

What changes do you find in the army at this time?

Answer:

Like earlier rulers, some of this types of kings maintained a well-organised army, with elephants, chariots, cavalry and foot soldiers. Besides, there were military leaders who provided the king with troops whenever he needed them. They were not paid regular salaries. Instead, some of them received grants of land. They collected revenue from the land and used this to maintain soldiers and horses, and provide equipment for warfare. These men were known as samantas. Whenever the ruler was weak, samantas tried to become independent.

Question 4:

What were the new administrative arrangements during this period?

Answer:

The new administrative arrangements during this period were:

  • Some important administrative posts were now hereditary means that sons succeeded fathers to these posts.

  • Sometimes, one person held many offices. For instance, besides being a maha-danda-nayaka, Harishena was a kuma-amatya, meaning an important minister, and a sandhi-vigrahika, meaning a minister of war and peace.

  • Important men had a say in the local administration. These included the nagara-shreshthi or chief banker/merchant of the city, the sarthavaha or leader of the merchant caravans, the parathama-kulika or the chief craftsman and the head of the Kayasthas or scribes.

Let’s discuss

Question 5:

What do you think Arvind would have to do if he was acting as Samudragupta?

Answer:

If Arvind would have to do acting as Samundragupta he needs to be brave and should start taking interest in music and painting.

Question 6:

Do you think ordinary people would have read and understood the prashastis? Give reasons for your answer.

Answer:

No the ordinary people would not have read and understood the prashastis as these were written in Sanskrit language, the language of learned.