NCERT Class VI History Solutions: Chapter 4 – In The Earliest Cities Part 1

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Let’s recall

Question 1:

How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilisation?

Answer:

Archeologists found actual pieces of cloth attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects at Mohenjodaro. They have also found spindle whorls which were used in spindle threads. This shows Harappan civilization were using cloth.

Question 2:

Match the columns

Match Resources with States (Ques)
Match resources with states (Ques)

Copper

Gujarat

Gold

Afghanistan

Tin

Rajasthan

Precious stones

Karnataka

Answer:

Match Resources with States
Match resources with states

Copper

Rajasthan

Gold

Karnataka

Tin

Afghanistan

Precious stones

Gujarat

Question 3:

Why were metals, writing, the wheel, and the plough important for the Harappans?

Answer:

Metals, writing, the wheel and the plough were important for the Harappans in many ways:

  • Metals: They were used for making vessels, ornaments, weapons and tools.

  • Writing: It was important for communication.

  • Wheel: It was important for carts and pottery.

  • Plough: It was used to dig the earth to turn the soil and planting seeds.

Let’s discuss

Question 4:

Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson. Which do you think children would have enjoyed playing with the most?

Answer:

Animal figures, model cart and plough are some of the terracotta toys mentioned in below. I think, children would have liked playing with the model cart the most. Even today; most of the children enjoy playing with toy cars.

Toy Cart

This image shows toy cart of indus valley civilization

Toy Cart of Indus Valley

This image shows toy cart of indus valley civilization

Toy plough

Result for Toy plough

Toy Plough

Result for Toy plough

Children would have preferred toy carts instead of ploughs.

Terracotta toys

Image result for terracotta toys

Terracotta Toys

Image result for terracotta toys

Question 5:

Make a list of what the Harappans ate and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.

Answer:

The people of Harappans ate various kinds of grains:

This diagram shows Harappans ate various kinds of grains

Diagram Shows Various Kinds of Grains

This diagram shows Harappans ate various kinds of grains

Most of these things we eat even today.

At present, we eat rice, wheat, pluses, fish, meat and milk. Barley is used by us.

Question 6:

Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in Chapter 3? Give reasons for your answer.

Answer:

Match the Terms with Harappan and Earlier Civilization
Match the terms with Harappan and earlier civilization

Term

Farmers & Herders of Harappan

Earlier farmers and herders

Tools

They were using wooden tools

called plough for turning the soil

They were using mortar and pestle for grinding grain. They were made of bones

Irrigation

Using

Not using

Storage

Well-built granaries

Clay pots and baskets

Residence

Lived in outskirts of cities

No settled cities

Discussions & Questions

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