NCERT Class VI History Solutions: Chapter 6 – Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Part 1

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Let’s recall

Question 1:

State whether true or false:

  1. Rajas who let the ashvamedha horse pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice.

  2. The charioteer sprinkled sacred water on the king.

  3. Archaeologists have found palaces in the settlements of the janapadas.

  4. Pots to store grain were made out of Painted Grey Ware.

  5. Many cities in mahajanapadas were fortified.

Answer:

  1. Rajas who let the ashvamedha horse pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice. True

  2. The charioteer sprinkled sacred water on the king. False

  3. Archaeologists have found palaces in the settlements of the janapadas. False

  4. Pots to store grain were made out of Painted Grey Ware. False

  5. Many cities in mahajanapadas were fortified. True

Question 2:

Fill in the chart given below with the terms: Huntergatherers. Farmers, Traders, Crafts Persons, Herders.

THOSE WHO PAID TAXES

Who paid taxes? (Q)

Who Paid Taxes? (Q)

Who paid taxes? (Q)

Answer:

Observe the following figure to get the proper position of Huntergatherers, Farmers, Traders, Crafts Persons and Herders.

Image result for the Raja of the mahajanapada

Who Paid Taxes?

Image result for the Raja of the mahajanapada

Question 3:

Who were the groups who could not participate in the assemblies of the ganas?

Answer 3:

The groups who cannot participate in the assemblies of the ganas were:

  • Women

  • Shudras

  • Kammakaras

Let’s discuss

Question 4:

Why did the rajas of mahajanapadas build forts?

Answer:

The ‘Rajas’ of ‘mahajanapadas’ built forts around their capital cities because probably the people were afraid of attacks from other kings and needed protection.

It is also possible that some ‘rajas’ wanted to show that they were rich and powerful by building large, tall and impressive walls around cities.

The Rajas of mahajanapadas built forts for:

  • Their security.

  • Their show off.

  • Fortified city was easy to manage.

Question 5:

In what ways are present-day elections different from the ways in which rulers were chosen ‘janapadas’?

Answer:

Choosing rulers in ‘janapadas’ – men were chosen ‘rajas’ by performing big sacrifices. The ‘ashvamedha’ (horse sacrifice) was one such ritual which was used to identify a ‘raja’.

The ‘raja’ chosen by this sacrifice was considered very powerful. Electing rulers today – Today, we have a democratic system of government. Each citizen has a right to vote and the government is decided by elections in which each citizen his vote.