NCERT Class 9 Solutions: The French Revolution (India and the Contemporary World-I) Chapter 1– Part 2

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Q-2. Which groups of French society benefited from the revolution? Which groups were forced to relinquish power? Which sections of society would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution?


  1. Groups of French society benefitted from the revolution

    • The French Revolution benefited the middle class or the richer member of the Third Estate (commoners) including:

      • Merchants

      • Traders

      • Lawyers

      • Teachers

      • Doctors

      • Petty-officers

      • Rich peasants

    • Before the revolution the burden of taxes was borne mostly by this middle class and were also humiliated by the Clergy and the Nobles at every point. After the revolution they were treated similar with the upper sections of the society.

    French societies during 18th Centuries

    French Societies

    French societies during 18th Centuries

  2. Groups of French society which were forced to relinquish power

    • The upper classes including - the First Estate and the Second Estate previously enjoyed all the privileges but after revolution their special privileges were revoked. The Clergy and the Nobles were such people.

    • After introducing the new revolution the French society was mainly structured on the basis of social equality where everyone had to pay their due taxes.

  3. Sections of society which would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution

  • The Clergy and Nobles, the previous privileged classes were not satisfied with the revolution as they lost their privileges.

  • The lower class from the commoners were also disappointed from the revolution, because there was no redistribution of wealth because of the revolution. The poor remained poor and rich remained rich (although they were help more accountable). Very little was done to improve the immediate deplorable conditions of poor.