NCERT Class 9 Solutions: The French Revolution (India and the Contemporary World-I) Chapter 1– Part 5

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Q-5. Would you agree with the view that the message of universal rights was beset with contradictions? Explain.


  • As per the French Constitution of 1791 the major contradiction in the message of universal rights was all the rights were given to the man and women were totally ignored, besides that the presence of numerous people as passive citizens with no voting rights.

  • In other words the declaration of universal rights was a good starting point but there is much still to be desired.

Q-6. How would you explain the rise of Napoleon?


Napoleon emperor of the French

Image of Napoleon

Napoleon emperor of the French

  • Napoleon was born on 15th August 1769 in Ajacio, the capital of Corsica.

  • He was the emperor of the French.

  • He had merged and institutionalized many reforms of the French Revolution.

  • He was one of the greatest military commanders of all time,

  • He had ruled the larger part of Europe and did much to reform the nations which he had ruled.

  • Napoleon was a man of miraculous talents.

  • He had completed his education from military schools of Brienne and Paris.

  • He had started his career in 1796 by joining the army and he was appointed as commander of the French Army in Italy because of his exemplary heroism, immense courage and ability.

  • For the revolutionary France many battles are won by Napoleon and he had higher prestige of his nations.

  • In 1793 A.D. he had defeated Britain and in 1796 A.D Sardinia.

  • He also had defeated four Austrian generals in succession, each of them with larger numbers, and forced Austria and its allies to make peace.

  • Napoleon was grown as a driven man who is never secure, never satisfied.

  • In the history of France Europe and the world he had played a significant role.

  • He was work-centered person.

  • He only allowed few or we should say very few enjoyments or vacations.

  • He had strong loyalties for his family and old associates.

  • He had never allowed anything or anyone to interfere with his work.

  • Napoleon was also a great writer and orator.

  • Napoleon was a great conqueror and along with it he was an capable administrator who supposed in ruling by mandate of the people.

  • Religious toleration and granted religious freedom to all was his policy.

  • By removing feudalism and serfdom he had established an equal society and restored France on the source of the principle of equivalence.

  • Napoleon has changed French institutions and also had tried to restructuring the institutions of Europe, he had introduced the Continent a common law and become a great enlightened monarch.