NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Nazims and the Rise of Hitler (India and the Contemporary World-I) Chapter 3– Part 3

Q-3. What are the peculiarities of Nazi thinking?

Answer:

Main concepts of Nazi Thinking

Nazi Idealogy

Main concepts of Nazi Thinking

Germany had to sign a strict and humiliating treaty (agreement) with the Allies after the defeat in the First World War. The treaty increased the problems of Germany and also a political insecurity in the country. So that in this condition Hitler rose to the power. He had formed the Nazi party and established the dictatorship of the Nazi party in Germany. The Nazi party named their thought Nazism under the leadership of Hitler. Nazi thought was equal to Hitler’s worldview. The main features of Nazi thinking were as follow:

  • No equality among people.

  • The Nordic German Aryans were the best race.

  • The Jews were measured as the lowest race.

  • Nazism believed in the survival of the fittest.

  • New territories had to be captured to improve the motherland.

  • Enhance new natural territories resources and make Germany a powerful nation.

All this ideologies were implemented when the Nazi Party got the power.

Q-4. Explain why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating a hatred for the Jews.

Answer:

Here are the reasons why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating hatred for the Jews:

  • The language and media was used by Nazis with great efficacy and care. The ethnic theory which was used by Nazis tells that the Jews belonged to a lower race which was so undesirable.

Symbol of Jew

Symbol of Jew

Symbol of Jew

  • The traditional Christian started to hate the Jews due as they were blamed to have killed Christ and this was fully misused by the Nazis to make the Germans prejudiced against Jews.

    Radical propoganda enganged on by Nzi government

    Politial AntiSemite Campaign Was Changed to Anti0Jew

    Radical propoganda enganged on by Nzi government

    Image discribing the night of broken glass

    The Policy Shift in Semitism

    Image discribing the night of broken glass

  • From the very initial days of schooling of Nazis children were filled with hatred for Jews. The teachers engaged in practice of Jewism were dismissed from the school and Jewish children were thrown out of the schools. These methods and new ideological shift proved very effective on the new generation of children. This went a long way in creating a natural agreement and propaganda with Nazi philosophy thereby creating hatred for the Jews.

  • Propaganda films were made with the intention of ignite hatred for the Jews. They labelled and marked the Orthodox Jews, for example, ‘The Eternal Jew’ was such film.

'The Eternal Jew' a Propaganda film on Jew

The Film 'The Eternal Jew'

'The Eternal Jew' a Propaganda film on Jew

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