NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Pastoralists in the Modern World History (India and the Contemporary World-I) Chapter 6– Part 2
Q-3. Why were threshing machines opposed by the poor in England?
After the enclosed field movement, the poor laborers livelihood and survival depended on land and farm labour in the rich farmers’.
The rich farmers had introduced the threshing machines during the Napoleonic wars which reduced the demand for labour, so many laborers lost the work. Unemployment increased so poor laborers opposed the threshing machines and started destroying them.
Q.4 Who was Captain Swing? What did the name symbolize or represent?
Captain Swing was a mythical person.
When rioters were destroying the threshing machines and farmhouses they wrote letters carrying the signature of Captain Swing.
The name Captain Swing suggested the objection of poor against the rich farmers and against the new technology.