NCERT Class 9 Solutions: History and sport: The Story of Cricket (India and the Contemporary World-I) Chapter 7– Part 2

Q-3. Explain why cricket became popular in India and the West Indies. Can you give reasons why it did not become popular in countries in South America?

Answer:

  • Because of colonial background, Cricket became more popular in India and the West Indies.

  • British imperial officials considered cricket as a symbol of racial and social superiority.

  • They didn’t commercialized cricket for the common people and playing cricket was considered as declaring racial equality with British and challenging them.

  • In recent years, racial equality and political progress and stability has been very important for success and popularity of cricket.

  • Initially cricket was not so popular in countries like South America since they were not dominated by imperial England.

List of nations with their membership dates in Cricket

Nation With Membership Date in Cricket

List of nations with their membership dates in Cricket

Q.4 Give brief explanations for the following:

  1. The Parsis were the first Indian community to set up a cricket club in India.

  2. Mahatma Gandhi condemned the pentangular tournament.

  3. The name of the ICC was changed from the Imperial Cricket Conference to the International Cricket Conference.

  4. The shift of the ICC headquarters from London to Dubai

Answer:

  1. The Parsis were the first Indian community to set up a cricket club in India.

    • The Parsis were the first Indian community to set up a cricket club in India in 1848 which was named as “Oriental Cricket Club”.

    • The Parsis were rich businessmen and they were the first community to adopt the western lifestyle and therefore, they were the first Indian community to set up a cricket club in India.

    • They were the most close to Britishers and that’s why Britishers considered it was ok for them to engage in cricket.

      First Indian Cricket Club founded by Parsis "Oriental Cricket Club"

      First Indian Cricket Club Founded by Parsis

      First Indian Cricket Club founded by Parsis "Oriental Cricket Club"

  2. Mahatma Gandhi condemned the Pentangular tournament.

    • The Pentangular tournament divided India’s diverse population on communal lines when the nationalists were trying to unite them and the colonial government inspired these divisions.

    • The Pentangular tournament was organised on the basis of communally divisive competition. The Pentangular tournament was earlier called the Quadrangular tournament because it involved four teams: the Europeans, the Parsis, the Hindus, and the Muslims.

    • Mahatma Gandhi condemned the Pentangular tournament because he felt it was a discordant competition which consumed more time that what Indian’s should spend given the dire circumstances of the nation.

  3. The name of the ICC was changed from the Imperial Cricket Conference to the International Cricket Conference.

    • The term ‘Imperial’ in the earlier version which means the colonial period and underlying connotations of hegemony. With decolonization and growing prominence of other cricket playing nations name was changed to International Cricket Conference in 1965.

      Logo of International Cricket Conference

      Logo of International Cricket Conference

      Logo of International Cricket Conference

  4. The shift of the ICC headquarters from London to Dubai.

ICC headquarte in Dubai

ICC Headquarte in Dubai

ICC headquarte in Dubai

  • The ICC headquarters were shifted from London to Dubai to get it closer to India located in South Asia. India quickly became the nation with biggest viewership and potential market for cricket and advertisers. So the balance of power in cricket rapidly shifted from the colonial domain to the decolonized domain.

  • Dubai was also a tax-free destination. Many cricket playing nations did not have double taxation agreement with England. So, shifting the HQs was a purely profit and business decision.

  • Some analysts symbolized this as shifting of cricket power from Europe to Asia.

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