# NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Statistics (Chapter 14) Exercise 14.3-Part 1

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Q-1 A survey conducted by an organisation for the cause of illness and death among the women between the ages 15 − 44 (in years) worldwide, found the following figures (in %):

 S. No. Causes Female fatality rate (%) 1. Reproductive health conditions 31.8 2. Neuropsychiatric conditions 25.4 3. Injuries 12.4 4. Cardiovascular Conditions 4.3 5. Respiratory condition 4.1 6. Other causes 22.0
1. Represent the information given above graphically.

2. Which condition is the major cause of women’s ill health and death worldwide?

3. Try to find out, with the help of your teacher, any two factors which play a major role in the cause in (ii) above being the major cause.

Solution (i):

Let us,

• Represent cause on x-axis and fatality on y-axis

• Choose appropriate scale let us choose ().

• With these specifications following graph can be drawn.

Solution (ii):

• Reproductive health conditions are the major cause of women’s ill health and death worldwide and 31.8% of women are affected by it.

Solution (iii)

It is unfortunate that in 21st centuary we still are not able to bring the health of women at par with men. With all the medial developments at disposal to our age, women still suffer the brunt of health problems only because they are biologically responsible for child birth. Some important factors are:

• Lack of medical facilities, especially in remote and backward areas.

• Lack of education among the rural poor, this ignorance forces them to still use age old methods of treatments.

• Unequal social status of women, which leads to improper care and negligence on part of family members.

Q-2 The following data on the number of girls (to the nearest ten) per thousand boys in

Different sections of Indian society are given below.

 Section Number of girls per thousand boys Scheduled caste(SC) 940 Scheduled tribe(ST) 970 Non SC/ST 920 Backward districts 950 Non-backward districts 920 Rural 930 Urban 910
1. Represent the information above by a bar graph.

2. In the classroom discuss what conclusions can be arrived at from the graph.

Solution (i):

Below chart shows the number each of the various categories.

Solution (ii):

Two things are very clear from the above

1. The number of girls per 1000 children clearly reflects the preference for boys in the Indian society. We would have thought that urban areas would be better than rural areas, but number of girls per thousand boys is less in urban areas than rural areas.

2. In fact, the numbers of girls to per thousand boys is maximum in scheduled tribes and minimum in urban section of the society.

3. Again non SC/ST section of society does worse than SC/ST section in terms of girl child ratio.

Q-3 Given below are the seats won by different political parties in the polling outcome of a State assembly elections:

 Political Party A B C D E F Seats Won 75 55 37 29 10 37
1. Draw a bar graph to represent the polling results.

2. Which political party won the maximum number of seats?

Solution (I):

Let’s choose the following:

• On X-axis we categorize the political parties and on y-axis depict the seats won

• Our scale is ( seats for y-axis)

• Below is the graph for the above data