# NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Quadrilaterals (Chapter 8) Exercise 8.2 – Part 1

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Q-1 ABCD is a quadrilateral in which P, Q, R and S are mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA (see Fig). AC is a diagonal. Show that:

1. and

2. PQRS is a parallelogram.

Solution:

P, Q, R and S are mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA

1. In ,

• R is the midpoint of DC and S is the midpoint of DA.

• Thus by mid-point theorem, and

2. In,

• P is the midpoint of AB and Q is the midpoint of BC.

• Thus by mid-point theorem, and

• Also,

• Thus,

3. - From (i)

• And, - from (ii)

• - From (i) and (ii)

• Also,

• Thus, PQRS is a parallelogram.

Q-2 ABCD is a rhombus and P, Q, R and S are the mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively. Show that the quadrilateral PQRS is a rectangle.

Solution:

Given,

• ABCD is a rhombus

• P, Q, R and S are the mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively.

Construction, AC and BD are joined.

Proof,

In and ,

• (Halves of the opposite sides of the rhombus)

• (Opposite angles of the rhombus)

• (Halves of the opposite sides of the rhombus)

Thus, by Side-Angle-Side congruence condition.

By Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles ……equation (1)

In ΔQCR and ΔSAP,

• (Halves of the opposite sides of the rhombus)

• (Opposite angles of the rhombus)

• (Halves of the opposite sides of the rhombus)

Thus, by Side-Angle-Side congruence condition.

By Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles ……equation (2)

Now, on

• R and Q are the mid points of CD and BC respectively

Also,

• P and S are the mid points of AD and AB respectively.

Thus, PQRS is a parallelogram.

Also,

Now, in PQRS,

• and from equation (1) and (2)

• Thus, PQRS is a rectangle.

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