NCERT Class 11 Physics Solutions: Chapter 7 – System of Particles and Rotational Motion Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question 7.6:

Find the components along the axes of the angular momentum of a particle, whose position vector is with components and momentum is with components . Show that if the particle moves only in the x-y plane the angular momentum have only a z-component.


Linear momentum of the particle,

Position vector of the particle,

Angular momentum,

Comparing the coefficients of

The particle moves in the x-y plane. Hence, the z-component of the position vector and linear momentum vector becomes zero, i.e.. ,

Thus, equation reduces to:

Therefore, when the particle is confined to move in the x-y plane, the direction of angular momentum is along the z-direction.

Question 7.7:

Two particles, each of mass and speed , travel in opposite directions along parallel lines separated by a distance . Show that the vector angular momentum of the two particle system is the same whatever be the point about which the angular momentum is taken.


Let at a certain instant two particles be at points and , as shown in the following figure:

A Certain Instant Two Particles be at Points P and Q, as Sho …

Angular momentum of the system about point :

Angular momentum of the system about point

Consider a point , which is at a distance from point , i.e.. ,

Angular momentum of the system about point :

Comparing equations we get:

We infer from equation that the angular momentum of a system does not depend on the point about which it is taken.

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