NCERT Class 11 Physics Solutions: Chapter 8 – Gravitation-Part 1

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Question 8.1:

Answer the following:

You can shield a charge from electrical forces by putting it inside a hollow conductor. Can you shield a body from the gravitational influence of nearby matter by putting it inside a hollow sphere or by some other means?

An astronaut inside a small space ship orbiting around the earth cannot detect gravity. If the space station orbiting around the earth has a large size, can he hope to detect gravity?

If you compare the gravitational force on the earth due to the sun to that due to the moon, you would find that the Sun’s pull is greater than the moon’s pull. (You can check this yourself using the data available in the succeeding exercises). However, the tidal effect of the moon’s pull is greater than the tidal effect of sun. Why?

Answer:

Explanation:

Gravitational influence of matter on nearby objects cannot be screened by any means. This is because gravitational force unlike electrical forces is independent of the nature of the material medium. Also, it is independent of the status of other objects.

Explanation:

If the size of the space station is large enough, then the astronaut will detect the change in Earth’s gravity

Explanation:

Tidal effect depends inversely upon the cube of the distance while, gravitational force depends inversely on the square of the distance. Since the distance between the Moon and the Earth is smaller than the distance between the Sun and the Earth, the tidal effect of the Moon’s pull is greater than the tidal effect of the Sun’s pull.

Question 8.2:

Choose the correct alternative:

Acceleration due to gravity increases/decreases with increasing altitude.

Acceleration due to gravity increases/decreases with increasing depth. (Assume the earth to be a sphere of uniform density).

Acceleration due to gravity is independent of mass of the earth/mass of the body.

The formula is more/less accurate than the formula for the difference of potential energy between two points and distance away from the centre of the earth.

Answer:

the Acceleration due to gravity and acceleration due to external force showing in figure.

Figure Shown the Acceleration Due to Gravity

the Acceleration due to gravity and acceleration due to external force showing in figure.

Decreases

Explanation:

Acceleration due to gravity at depth is given by the relation:

Where,

Radius of the Earth

Acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Earth It is clear from the given relation that acceleration due to gravity decreases with an increase in height.

Decreases

Explanation:

Acceleration due to gravity at depth is given by the relation:

It is clear from the given relation that acceleration due to gravity decreases with an increase in depth.

Mass of the body

Explanation:

Acceleration due to gravity of body of mass is given by the relation:

Where,

Universal gravitational constant

Mass of the Earth

Radius of the Earth

Hence,

it can be inferred that acceleration due to gravity is independent of the mass of the body.

More

Explanation:

Gravitational potential energy of two points distance away from the centre of the Earth is respectively given by:

Difference in potential energy,

Hence, this formula is more accurate than the formula