# Physics Class 12 NCERT Solutions: Chapter 10 Wave Optics Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2023)

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Q: 1. Monochromatic light of wavelength is incident from air on a water surface. What are the wavelength, frequency and speed of (A) reflected, and (B) Refracted Light? Refractive index of water is .

Wavelength of incident monochromatic light,

Speed of light in air,

Refractive index of water,

(A) The ray will reflect back in the same medium as that of incident ray. Hence, the wavelength, speed, and frequency of the reflected ray will be the same as that of the incident ray.

Frequency of light is given by the relation,

Hence, the speed, frequency, and wavelength of the reflected light are , respectively.

(B) Frequency of light does not depend on the property of the medium in which it is travelling. Hence, the frequency of the refracted ray in water will be equal to the frequency of the incident or reflected light in air.

Refracted frequency,

Speed of light in water is related to the refractive index of water as:

Wavelength of light in water is given by the relation,

Hence, the speed, frequency, and wavelength of refracted light are , respectively.

Q: 2. What is the shape of the wave front in each of the following cases:

(A) Light diverging from a point source.

(B) Light emerging out of a convex lens when a point source is placed at its focus.

(C) The portion of the wave front of light from a distant star intercepted by the Earth.

(A) The shape of the wave front in case of a light diverging from a point source is spherical. The wavefront emanating from a point source is shown in the given figure.

(B) The shape of the wavefront in case of a light emerging out of a convex lens when a point source is placed at its focus is a parallel grid. This is shown in the given figure.

(C) The portion of the wavefront of light from a distant star intercepted by the Earth is a plane.

Q: 3. (A) The refractive index of glass is . What is the speed of light in glass? Speed of light in vacuum is

(B) Is the speed of light in glass independent of the colour of light? If not, which of the two colours red and violet travels slower in a glass prism?