Physics Class 12 NCERT Solutions: Chapter 4 Moving Charges and Magnetism Part 8

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Force on current carrying wire in magnetic field

Force on Current Carrying Wire

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Q: 23: A uniform magnetic field of exists in a cylindrical region of radius , its direction parallel to the axis along east to west. A wire carrying current of in the north to south direction passes through this region. What is the magnitude and direction of the force on the wire if,

(A) The wire intersects the axis,

(B) The wire is turned from N-S to northeast-northwest direction,

(C) The wire in the N-S direction is lowered from the axis by a distance of?

Answer:

Magnetic field strength,

Radius of the cylindrical region,

Current in the wire passing through the cylindrical region,

(A) If the wire intersects the axis, then the length of the wire is the diameter of the cylindrical region.

Thus,

Angle between magnetic field and current,

Magnetic force acting on the wire is given by the relation,

Hence, a force of acts on the wire in a vertically downward direction.

(B) New length of the wire after turning it to the Northeast-Northwest direction can be given as:

Angle between magnetic field and current,

Force on the wire,

Hence, a force of acts vertically downward on the wire. This is independent of angle because is fixed.

(c) The wire is lowered from the axis by distance,

be the new length of the wire.

Q 23 C The Length of Wire in Magnetic Field

Q 23 C the Length of Wire in Magnetic Field

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Magnetic force exerted on the wire,

Hence, a force of acts in a vertically downward direction on the wire.