NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 1 Power Sharing (Democratic Politics-II) Part 2

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 1: Power Sharing

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Question 4. The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Answer:

  • This measure is not in keeping with Belgium's power sharing arrangements because this arrangement is aims to maintain peace between the French and Dutch-speaking communities by putting ban on French language, this decision may cause civil unrest so both the languages should be made acceptable in the town's scho0ols.

  • This bilingual education system will be best option to incorporate the people of the town.

Question 5. Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.

"We need to give more power to the panchayats to realize the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy − in the hands of the people. Given power to panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy."

Answer:

  • When people take part in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they fill part of the schemes which eliminate the corruption of middlemen.

Question 6. Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:

A. Reduces conflict among different communities

B. Decreases the possibility of arbitrariness

C. Delays decision making process

D. Accommodates diversities

E. Increases instability and divisiveness

F. Promotes people’s participation in government

G. Undermines the unity of a country

Code:

Codes for question

(a)

A

B

D

F

(b)

A

C

E

F

(c)

A

B

D

G

(d)

B

C

D

G

Answer: A

The statement should be as:

  1. Reduces conflict among different communities

  2. Decreases the possibility of arbitrariness

  3. Accommodates diversities

  4. Promotes people’s participation in government

Question 7. Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.

  1. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.

  2. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.

  3. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.

  4. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. A, B, C and D

  2. A, B and D

  3. C and D

  4. B, C and D

Answer: (D) B, C and D

Explanation:

In Belgium Power sharing agreement French and Dutch – speaking community were given fair sharing in country in following ways:

  • Number of Dutch and French speaking ministers was equal

  • To create specific law for any community, majority of members were belongs to that community.

So, first statement is incorrect.