NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 1 Power Sharing (Democratic Politics-II) Part 3

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 1: Power Sharing

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Question 8. Match list I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

List I (Forms of Power Sharing) with List II (Forms of Government)
List I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government)

List I

List II

(1) Power shared among different organs of government

(A) Community government

(2) Power shared among governments at different levels

(B) Separation of powers

(3) Power shared by different social groups

(C) Coalition government

(4) Power shared by two or more political parties

(D) Federal government

Codes:

Select the Correct Answer Using the Codes
Select the correct answer using the codes

1

2

3

4

(a)

D

A

B

C

(b)

B

C

D

A

(c)

B

D

A

C

(d)

C

D

A

B

Answer: C

Match List I (Forms of Power Sharing) with List II (Forms of Government)
Match list I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government)

List I

List II

(1) Power shared among different organs of government

Separation of powers

(2) Power shared among governments at different levels

Federal government

(3) Power shared by different social groups

Community government

(4) Power shared by two or more political parties

Coalition government

Explanation:

1 Separation of powers:

  • The separation of powers is referring to division of branches in state and each of them has independent power.

  • Ancient Greece is first to implement this model.

2 Federal government:

  • Federal government has two or more levels of government which is govern through common institutions.

  • Power is depends on level as prescribed by a constitution.

  • United States is biggest example of Federal government.

Diagram of american union's Federal government

Diagram of American Union's Federal Government

3 Community government:

  • A person is selected form each religion (social groups or cast) and he or she govern their community is called Community government.

  • It was very successful governing model and firstly it was introduced in Belgium.

4 Coalition government:

  • Coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government where several political parties cooperate to reduce the governance of any single party.

  • Which means no any parties can achieve majority in the parliament by its own.

Question 9. Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:

  1. Power sharing is good for democracy.

  2. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.

Which of these statements are true and false?

  1. A is true but B is false

  2. Both A and B are true

  3. Both A and B are false

  4. A is false but B is true

Answer: (B) Both A and B are true

Explanation:

  • Power sharing reduces possibility of confliction between social groups which increase stability.

  • Power sharing is best for democracy because people also involve in governed.

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