NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 2 Federalism (Democratic Politics-II) Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2023)

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 2: Federalism

Question 1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.


Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa

Question 2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.


Three Federal Countries Map

Federal countries:

  • Federal countries are those where government is mixed or compound in which central (federal) government and regional government (state) are merged in single political system.

List of Federal countries:

List of Federal Countries
NigeriaSouth AfricaBrazil
Saint Kitts and NevisSwitzerlandFS of Micronesia
MalaysiaAustraliaBosnia and Herzegovina
AustriaEthiopiaUnited Arab Emirates
United States of AmericaMexicoBrazil

Question 3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.


  • In both the countries India and Belgium, Center (federal) government and state government share power.
  • But one this is different that is, Belgium has community government in addition to state and central government which is not present in India.

Question 4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.


Federal form of government:

  • In this form of government power were shared among the central government and various constituent units of the country.
  • For example: India has federal government so, power is divided between the government at the Centre and the various State governments.

Unitary form of government:

  • Where all the power is in the hand of only one government is a unitary form of government.
  • For example: Sri Lanka where the national government has all the powers.
Federal and Unitary Countries