NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 2 Federalism (Democratic Politics-II) Part 4 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 2: Federalism

Question 10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Find the Incorrect Match Pair
(a)State governmentState List
(b)Central governmentUnion List
(c)Central and State governmentConcurrent List
(d)Local governmentsResiduary powers

Answer: (D)


List of State, Union and Concurrent

Residuary powers:

  • Parliament has power to make laws on all the matters which are not included in state and concurrent list.

Local Government:

  • Local Government is the states and union territories governments.
  • In rural area, it is known as Panchayat and in urban areas, it is known as Nagaur Panchayat and Municipalities.
Structure of Indian Government

Question 11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

Match List I with List II
List IList II
1. Union of India
  1. Prime Minister
2. State
  1. Sarpanch
3. Municipal
  1. Governor
4. Gram Panchayat
  1. Mayor


Find the Correct Code

Answer: C

Matching Pair of List I and II
List IList II
1. Union of IndiaPrime Minister
2. StateGovernor
3. MunicipalMayor
4. Gram PanchayatSarpanch

Question 12. Consider the following statements.

  1. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.
  2. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.
  3. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
  4. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the states have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. A, B and C
  2. A, C and D
  3. A and B only
  4. B and C only

Answer: (C)


  • Federation menace government has two or more levels of government which is govern through common institutions and Power is depends on level as prescribed by a constitution.
  • Sri Lanka has unitary form of government where single government has all the power.

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