NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 2 Federalism (Democratic Politics-II) Part 4

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 2: Federalism

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Question 10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Find the Incorrect Match Pair
Find the incorrect match pair

(a)

State government

State List

(b)

Central government

Union List

(c)

Central and State government

Concurrent List

(d)

Local governments

Residuary powers

Answer: (D)

Explanation:

List of State, Union and Concurrent

List of State, Union and Concurrent

Residuary powers:

  • Parliament has power to make laws on all the matters which are not included in state and concurrent list.

Local Government:

  • Local Government is the states and union territories governments.

  • In rural area, it is known as Panchayat and in urban areas, it is known as Nagaur Panchayat and Municipalities.

Structure of Indian Government

Structure of Indian Government

Question 11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

Match List I with List II
Match List I with List II

List I

List II

1. Union of India

  1. Prime Minister

2. State

  1. Sarpanch

3. Municipal

  1. Governor

4. Gram Panchayat

  1. Mayor

Code:

Find the Correct Code
Find the correct code

1

2

3

4

(a)

D

A

B

C

(b)

B

C

D

A

(c)

A

C

D

B

(d)

C

D

A

B

Answer: C

Matching Pair of List I and II
Matching pair of list I and II

List I

List II

1. Union of India

Prime Minister

2. State

Governor

3. Municipal

Mayor

4. Gram Panchayat

Sarpanch

Question 12. Consider the following statements.

  1. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.

  2. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.

  3. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.

  4. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the states have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. A, B and C

  2. A, C and D

  3. A and B only

  4. B and C only

Answer: (C)

Explanation:

  • Federation menace government has two or more levels of government which is govern through common institutions and Power is depends on level as prescribed by a constitution.

  • Sri Lanka has unitary form of government where single government has all the power.

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