NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 3 Power Sharing (Democratic Politics-II) Part 2

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Watch Video Lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 3: Democracy & Diversity

NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 3: Democracy & Diversity

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Question 4. ______________ Social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions.

______________ Social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

Explanation:

Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions.

Cross cutting social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

  • Overlapping: When social differences overlap it results social division, and it occurs when people think that their community is different.

  • Cross Cutting: When social group’s cross-cut each other then it becomes difficult to recognize which group is against to which. It might possible that these groups may have similar opinion on some issues and different opinions on some issues.

Question 5. In dealing with social divisions which one of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?

  1. Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.

  2. In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.

  3. Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.

  4. Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

Answer: (d)

Explanation:

  • Democracy governing system in which every citizen has rights to elect their government and the most and the first important rule of democracy is everyone is treated equally and has equal rights.

  • So, Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions statement is not in the favour of democracy.

Question 6. Consider the following three statements.

  1. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap.

  2. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.

  3. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

  1. A, B and C

  2. A and B

  3. B and C

  4. Only C

Answer: (b)

Explanation:

“Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.” Is not a correct statement because social division doesn’t deepens on size of country; it also can be possible in small countries also for example of this is the fragmentation of Yugoslavia into six independent countries.

Fragmentation of Yugoslavia

Fragmentation of Yugoslavia

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